Antifeedant, Growth Regulatory and Ovicidal Effect of Sambucus ebulus L. Extract on Tribolium confusum Duv.


Department of Plant protection, College of Agriculture. University of Guilan. Rasht. P. O. Box 41635- 1314


Aqueous extract from leaves of Sambcus ebulus L. were tested for antifeedant, growth regulation and ovicidal effects against the red floor beetle Tribolium confusum Duv. under laboratory condition (29?1?C, RH 60?5% and 12L:12D). The results indicated a significant deterrence for feeding, and comparatively significant larval, pupal and adult weight decrease in treated vs. controlled insects. Similarly the ovicidal effect of the extract was significant, thus reducing the number of F1 generation of resulting adults.
Berenbaun M. R. and Zangeri A. R. (1996) Phytochemical diversity. Adaptation or random variations? Rec. Adv. Phytochem. 30, 1- 24.
 Breuer, M., Schmidt. G. H. (1995) Influence of a short period treatment with Melia azedarach extract on food intake and (Lep., Noctuidae). J. Plant Diseases Protect. 102, 633– 654.
Chapman, R. F. (1974) The chemical inhibition of feeding by phytophagous insects. A review. Bull. Ent. Res. 64, 339- 363.
Chinwada, P, G. and Giga, D. P. (1993) Vegetable and neem oils as protectants of stored beans against bruchids. Meeting of the Pan Africa Working group on Bean Entomology. September 1993, 19- 22.
Harare. Zimbawe. Dimock, M. B. and Renwick, J. A. A. (1991) Oviposition by field populations of Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) deterred by an extract of a wild crucifer Environ. Entomol. 20, 802- 806.
Hiremath, I. G., Ahn, Y,J., and Kim, S.I. (1997) Insecticidal activity of Indian plant extract against Nilaparvata lugens (Homoptera : Delphacidae) Appl. Entomol 32, 159- 166.
Jalali , J., Haghighiam F. and A. Aliakbar (2003) Insecficidal effect of Artemisia annua and Sambucus ebulus L. extracts on Tribolium confusum Duv. J. Agricul. Sci. Iran 34, 313- 319.
 Jalali, J.; Arbab, A. and Aliakar, A. 2005. Investigation on the effect of aqueus extracts of sweet wormwood and ground elder on elm leaf beetle (Xanthogaleruca luteola Mull.). J. Agricul. Knowledge. 15, 115- 121.
Jilani , G and Saxena, R. C. (1990) Repellent and feeding effect of turmeric oil, sweet flog oil and a neem based insecticide against lesser grain borer (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) J. Econ. Entom. 83, 629- 634.
Jilani, G., Saxena, R. C. and Rueda, B. P. (1988) Repellent and growth inhibiting effect of turmeric oli sweet flag oil, Margosan-O on the red flour beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). J. Econ. Entom. 81. 1226- 1230.
Khan, Z. R. and Saxena, R. C. (1986) Effects of steamdistillate extracts of resistant and susceptible rice cultivars on behavior of Sagetella furcifera (Homoptera: Delphacidae) J. Econ. Entomol. 79, 928- 935.
Klepzig, k. D., Schlyter, F. (1999) Laboratory evaluation of plant derived antifeedants against the pine weevil Hylobins abietis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 92, 644- 650.
Mozzafarian, V. (1997) Dictionary of the names of Iranian flora. Farhang Maaser Press. 671 pp.
Muthukrishnan, J., Pushpalatha, E. (2001) Effects of plant extracts on fecundity and ferlility of mosquitoes J. Appl Ent. 125, 31- 35.
 Prabhaker, N., Toscano, N. C. and Heneberry, T, J. (1999) Comparison of neem, urea, and amitras as ovposition suppressants and larvicides against Bemisia orgentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) J. Econ. Entomol, 92, 40– 46.
Rebollos, R. L. (1994) Susceptibility of cabbage moth (Crocidolmia: binotalis Zeller) to neem (Azadirachta indica Juss.) oil. Conference of the Youth Research Apprenticeship Program. May 1994. University of Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines, Gamma Sigma Delta Honor Society of Agriculture Department of Science and Technology Report, pp. 341 – 360.
Reddy, A. V. and Singh, R. P. (1998) Fumigant toxicity of neem (Azadirchta indica Juss) seed oil volatiles against pulse beetle Callosobruchus maculatus Fab. (Col.: Bruchidae). J. Appl. Entomol 122, 607- 611.
Sadek, M. M. (2003) Antifeedant and toxic activity of Adhatoda vasica leaf extract against Spodoptera litoralis (Lep.: Noctuidae) J. Appl. Ent. 127, 396– 404.
Schoonhoven, L. M. (1982) Biological aspects of antifeedants. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 31, 57- 69.
Scott, J. M, Jenesen, H., Scott, J. G., Arnason , J. T. and Philogene, B. J. R. (2003) Botanical insecticides for controlling agricultural pests: Piperamids and the Colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Arch. of Insect Bioch. Physiol. 54, 12- 225.
Senthil Nathan, S.Chung, P. G.,Murugan, K.(2005c) Effect of biopesticides applied separately or together on nutritional indices of the rice leaffolder Cnaphalocrocis medinalis(Guenee) (Lepidopter: pyralidae) Phytoparasitica 33, 187- 195.
Zargari, A. 1993. Medicinal plants 3rd ed. Tehran Univ. Press. 889 pp.
Zhao, B., Grant, G. G., Langevin, D. and Macdonald, L. (1998) Deterring and inhibiting effects of quinolizidine alkaloids on spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) oviposition. Environ. Entomol. 27, 984- 992.