Comparison of Copper Concentrations in Liver and Muscle of Squalius cephalus and Capoeta capoeta gracilis


1 O. Rafieyan*1, A. A. Darvishsefat2, S. Babaii1, A. Mataji1

2 Gh. R. Banagar1,


The aim of this study was to determine and compare the concentration of copper (Cu) in liver and muscle of two fish species Squalius cephalus and Capoeta capoeta gracilis. The fish were caught in four sampling sites along Tajan River, Mazandaran Province, northern Iran. The concentration of Cu was determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. There were significant differences (P<0.05) between the sampling sites with regard to Cu concentration in both muscle and liver of fish species. Significant differences were also found (P<0.05) between S. cephalus and C. c. gracilis regarding Cu content in liver and muscle tissues. The content of Cu in the liver was greater (P<0.05) than that in the muscle in both species. Also, Cu content of liver in both species was higher than the standard limits declared by WHO. This study reports high loads of Cu in Tajan River and a high content of Cu in the muscle and liver of S. cephalus and C. c. gracilis.


Allen-Gi, M.S., Gubala, A., Dixon, H., Gil, C., Lasorsa, B., Creelius, E., and Curtis, L.R (1997) Heavy metal accumulation in sediment and freshwater fish in U.S. Arctic lakes. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 16, 733–741.
 Charkhabi, A.H., Sakizadeh, M., and Bayat, R. (2008) Land use effects on heavy metal pollution of river sediments in Guilan, southwest of the Caspian sea. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 6(2), 133–140.
Eslami, S., Hajizadeh Moghaddam, A., Jafari, N., Nabavi, S.F. and et al (2010) Trace element level in different tissues of Rutilus frisii kutum collected from Tajan River, Iran. Biological Trace Elements Research, 143, 965–973.
 Fuhrer, G.J., Stuart, D.J., Mekenzie, W., Rinella, J. F., Crawnford, J. K., Skach, K.A., and Hornlorger, M.L (1996) Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Trace Elements in Water, Sediment and Aquatic Biota. U.S. Geological Survey, Portland.
Imanpour Namin, J., Mohammadi, M., Heydari, S., and Monsef Rad, F (2011) Heavy metals Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb in tissue, liver of Esox lucius and sediment from the Anzali International Lagoon- Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 9(1), 1–8. Jafari, M (2002) Role of fish and oil fish in human nutrition. Standard. 123, 25–27.
 Jaffar, M., Ashraf, M. and Rasoal, A (1998) Heavy Metal contents in some selected local freshwaters fish and relevant waters. Pakistan Journal of Science and Industrial Research, 31, 189–193.
Mehrdadi, N., Ghobadi, M., Nasrabadi, T. and Hoveidi, H (2006) Evaluation of the quality and self purification potential of Tajan River using Qual2e model. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Sciences and Engineering, 3, 199–204.
Mehrdadi, N., Sabbaghi, A. and Rokni, M. A (2003) Investigation of Tajan River water quality and determination of urban, agricultural and industrial development on It. Water Sewage works, 48, 12-16.
Plasket, D. and Potter, I (1979) Heavy metal concentrations in the muscle tissue of 12 species of Teleosts from Cockborn Sound, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 30, 607–615.
Pourang, N (1993) Investigation of the bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the tissues of two fish species in Anzali Wetland with regard to their position in food chain and environmental conditions. M.Sc Thesis. Tehran University.
Samaee, S. M, Mojazi-Amiri, B. and Hosseini-Mazinani, S.M (2006) Comparison of Capoeta capoeta gracilis(Cyprinidae, Teleostei) populations in the south Caspian Sea River basin, using morphometric ratios and Genetic Markers. Folia Zoologica, 55, 323–335.
So, L.M., Cheung, R.Y. H. and Chan, K.M (1999) Metal concentrations in the tissues of rabbitfish (Siganus oramin) collected from Tolo Harbor and  Comparison of Copper Concentrations....252Victoria Harbor in Hong Kong. Marine Pollution Buletinl, 39, 234–238.
Tabatabaee, A. and Dast goshadeh, F (2002) Measurement of Heavy Metals in Fish and Vegetal Samples. Department of Environment, pp 1–2.
Tel well, W (1967) Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. 2nd edition. Pergamon press Ltd. Oxford.
Vinikour, W.S., Goldstein, R.M. and Anderson, R.V (1980) Bioaccumulation patterns of zinc, copper, cadmium and lead in selected fish species from the Fox River Illinois. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 24, 727–734.
Wicher, A.M. and Gantt, L.K (1994) Contaminant Assessment of Fish, Rangia Clams, and sediments in the Lower Pamlico River, North Carolina. U.S Fish & Wildlife Service, Available at: [accessed March 2012].
Zare, S. and Ebadi A.G (2005) Measurement of heavy metals in fish from the Tajan river. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 8(10), 1460–1462.