Al Hakimil, A & Hamada, AM 2011, Ascorbic acid, thiamine or salicylic acid induced changes in some physiological parameters in wheat grown under copper stress. Plant Protection Science, 47: 92-108.
Ali, H., Khan, E & Sajad, MA 2013, Phytoremediation of heavy metals-concepts and applications. Chemosphere, 91: 869-881
Al Saadi, SAM, Al Asaadi, WM & Al Waheeb, AN 2013, The effect of some heavy metal’s accumulation on physiological and anatomical characteristic of some Potamogeton L. plant. Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 4:100-108.
Arnon, DI 1949, Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. photophenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 24: 1-5.
Atesi, I, Suzen, HS, Aydin, A & Karakay, A 2004, The oxidative DNA base damage in tests of rats after intraperitoneal cadmium injection. Biometals, 17: 371-377.
, Sathiyaraj, G
& Ravindran, KC
2016, Phytoextraction of heavy metals by Sesuvium portulacastrum
L. a salt marsh halophyte from tannery effluent. International Journal of Phytoremediation
Azizi, A, Krika, A, Krika, F 2020, Heavy metal bioaccumulation and distribution in Typha latifolia and Arundo donax: implication for phytoremediation, Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 18: 21-29.
Budovich, LS 2021, Effects of heavy metals in soil and plants on ecosystems and the economy. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19: 991-997.
Cobbett, CS 2000, Phytochelatins and their role in heavy metal detoxiﬁcation. Plant Physiolgy123:825–33.
Cresser, MS & Parsons, JW 1979, Analytica Chimica Acta, 109: 431-436.
Dmitri, S & Maria, FTB 2008, Effects of heavy metal contamination upon soil microbes: lead induced changes in general and denitrifying microbial communities as evidenced by molecular markers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 5: 450-456.
Ederli, L, Reale, L, Ferranti, F & Pasqualini, S 2004, Responses induced by high concentration of cadmium in Phragmites australis roots. Physiologia Plantarum, 121: 66-74.
, Lin, Y
, Yang, Y
, Shen, Q
, Huag, J
, Wang, S
, Zhu, X
& Li, Z
2018, Tolerance and bioaccumulation of Cd and Cu in Sesuvium portulacastrum. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,
Ghnaya, T, Nouairi, I, Slama, I, Messedi, D & Grignon, C 2005, Cadmium effects on growth and mineral nutrition of two halophytes: Sesuvium portulacastrum and Mesembryanthemum crystallinum. Journal of Plant Physiology, 162: 1133-1140.
, T, Slama, I, Messedi, D, Grignon, C, Ghorbel, MH & Abdelly, C
2007, Effects of Cd2+
and N uptake in two halophytes Sesuvium portulacastrum
and Mesembryanthemum crystallinum
: Consequences on growth. Chemosphere
Gomes, MP, Marques, TC, Nogueira, MO, Castro, EM & Soares, AM 2011, Ecophysiological and anatomical changes due to uptake and accumulation of heavy metal in Brachiaria decumbens. Scientia Agricola, 68: 566-573.
Guo, TR, Zhang, GP & Zhang, YH 2007, Physiological changes in barley plants under combined toxicity of aluminium, copper and cadmium. Colloids Surf Biointerfaces, 57: 182-188.
Gupta, K, Gaumat, S & Mishra, K 2011, Chromium accumulation in submerged aquatic plants treated with tannery effluent at Kanpur, India. Journal of Environmental Biology, 32:591-597.
Hall, JL 2002, Cellular mechanisms for heavy metal detoxification and tolerance. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53: 1-11.
Hamsa, N, Yogesh, G, Usha Koushik, S & Patil, L 2017, Nitrogen transformation in Soil: Effect of heavy metals. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6: 816-832.
Hewson, I & Fuhrman, JA 2006, Improved strategy for comparing microbial assemblage fingerprints. Microbial Ecology, 51: 147-153.
Islam, E, Yang, X, Li, T, Liu, D, Jin, X & Meng, F 2007, Effect of Pb toxicity on root morphology, physiology and ultrastructure in the two ecotypes of Elsholtzia argyi. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 147: 806-816.
Johansan, DA 1968, Plant Microtechnique, McGraw Hill, New York, 487 pp.
Kabata-Pendias, A 2011, Trace elements in soils and plants. Chemical Rubber Company Press, Boca Raton, 201-213.
Kalaikandhan, R, Vijayarengan, P, Sivasankar, R & Mathivanan, S 2014, The pigment content of Sesuvium portulacastrum L. under copper and zinc stress. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 3: 1056-1066
Keunen, E, Peshev, D, Vangronsveld, J, Wim, E & Cuypers, A 2013, Plant sugars are crucial players in the oxidative challenge during abiotic stress: Extending the traditional concept. Plant, Cell & Environment, 36: 1242-1255.
Kirk, JTO & Allen, RL 1965, Dependence of chloroplast pigments synthesis on protein synthetic effects on actilione. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 21:523–530
Lokhande, V, Gor, B, Desai, N, Nikam, T & Suprasanna, P 2013, Sesuvium portulacastrum, a plant for drought, salt stress, sand fixation, food and phytoremediation. A review Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 33:329-348.
Lokhande, VH, Srivastava, S, Patade, VY, Dwivedi, S, Tripathi, RD, Nikam, TD & Suprasanna, P 2011, Investigation of arsenic accumulation and tolerance potential of Sesuvium portulacastrum L. Chemosphere
, 82: 529-534
Metcalfe, CR & Chalk, L 1950, Anatomy of the Monocotyledons, Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 470pp
Miler, M & Gosar, M 2009, Application of SEM/EDS to environmental geochemistry of heavy metals. Geologija, 52: 69-78.
Mourato, MP, Moreira, IN, Leitão, I, Pinto, FR, Sales, JR & Martins, LL 2015, Effect of heavy metals in plants of the genus Brassica. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16:17975-17998.
Najeeb, U, Ahmad, W, Zia, MH, Zaffar, M & Zhou, W 2017, Enhancing the lead phytostabilization in wetland plant Juncus effusus L. through somaclonal manipulation and EDTA enrichment. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 10: 3310-3317.
Naser, ZA, Abdul-Hameed, HM 2022, Removal of Cu (II) from industrial wastewaters through locally-produced adsorbent prepared from orange peel. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20: 45-53.
Paivoke, AEA 2002, Soil lead alters phytase activity and mineral nutrient balance of Pisum sativum. Environment Experimental Botany, 48: 61-73
Pal, M, Horvath, E, Janda, T, Paldi, E & Szalai, G 2006, Physiological changes and defence mechanisms induced by cadmium stress in maize. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 169: 239-246.
Palma, MJ, Sandalio, LM, Cropas, FJ, Romero Puertas, MC, Mc Carthy, I & del Rio, LA 2002, Plant proteases, protein degradation and oxidative stress: Role of peroxisomes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 40: 521-530.
Patra, M, Bhowmik, N, Bandopadhyay, B & Sharma, A 2004, Comparison of mercury, lead and arsenic with respect to genotoxic effects on plant systems and the development of genetic tolerance. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 52: 199-223.
Qi, Y, Lian, K, Chin, KL & Ford, RL 2003, Using EDX/SEM to study heavy metal uptake and elemental composition in plant tissues. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 9: 1485- 1487.
Raize, O, Argaman, Y & Yannai, S 2004, Mechanisms of biosorption of different heavy metals by brown marine macroalgae. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 87: 451-458.
Saleh Ibrahim, A, Chyad Al-Hamadani, R,F, Fahim Chyad, T, H. Ali, S 2022, Using ozone for activation of manufactured porous media to improve the removal efficiency of heavy metals from industrial wastewater. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20: 283-294.
Shakoor, MB, Ali, S, Hameed, A, Farid, M, Hussain, S, Yasmeen, T, Najeeb, U, Bharwana, SA & Abbasi, GH 2014, Citric acid improves lead (Pb) phytoextraction in Brassica napus L. By mitigating Pb-induced morphological and biochemical damages. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 109: 38–47.
Sharma, P & Dubey, RS 2005, Lead Toxicity in Plants. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, 17: 1-19.
Vernay, P, Gauthier Moussard, C & Hitmi, A 2007, Interaction of bioaccumulation of heavy metal chromium with water relation, mineral nutrition and photosynthesis in developed leaves of Lolium perenne L. Chemosphere, 68: 1563-1575.
Wójcik, M, Vangronsveld. J, D´Haen, J & Tukiendorf, A 2005, Cadmium tolerance in Thlaspi caerulescens. Environmental of Experimental Botany, 53: 163-171.
Ghnaya.T, Lakhdar, A
, R, Mnasri
, M, Sghair
, S, Lutts
, S & Abdelly
, C 2010, Comparative study of Pb-phytoextraction potential in Sesuvium portulacastrum
and Brassica juncea
: Tolerance and accumulation. Journal of Hazardous Materials
, 183: 609-615
Zengin, FK & Kirbag, S 2007, Effects of copper on chlorophyll, proline, protein and abscisic acid level of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seedlings. Journal of Environmental Biology, 28: 561-566.