The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication. Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise, direct style so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. If alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author.
SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS
All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication. Manuscripts should be emailed as attached Word files to executive editor of CJES or a disk version should be submitted to, Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Somehe Sara, P.O. Box 1144, Iran. Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.
Papers accepted for publication become copyright of the Editorial Office, CJES, University of Guilan, and authors will be asked to sign a transfer of copyright form. In signing the transfer of copyright it is assumed that authors have obtained permission to use any copyrighted or previously published material. All authors must read and agree to the conditions outlined in the Copyright Assignment Form, and must sign the Form or agree that the corresponding author can sign on their behalf. Articles cannot be published until a signed Copyright Assignment Form has been received.
Style OF THE MANUSCRIPT
Spelling. The Journal uses US/UK/Australian spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Merriam–Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary/Concise Oxford Dictionary/Macquarie Dictionary. Units. All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. Abbreviations. Abbreviations should be used sparingly – only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long and technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only. Zoological nomenclature. All papers must conform to the latest edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Upon its first use in the title, abstract and text, the common name of a species should be followed by the scientific name (genus, species and authority) in parentheses. Genus names should not be abbreviated at the beginning of paragraphs.
PARTS OF THE MANUSCRIPT
Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgements, (v) references, (vi) appendices, (vii) figure legends, (viii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (ix) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.
As articles are double-blind reviewed, material that might identify authorship of the paper should be placed on a cover sheet; this will be detached before the paper is sent to referees. The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote. The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title. A short running title (less than 40 characters) should also be provided.
Abstract and key words
All articles must have a brief abstract that states in 300 words or fewer the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. Six key words (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied below the abstract in alphabetical order.
Authors should use the following subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion.
The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.
The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used (examples are given below). In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). If there are two authors use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2001); but if cited within parentheses use ‘&’: (Smith & Jones 2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002). If papers by the same authors in the same year are cited, they should be distinguished by the letters a, b, c, etc. In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. Names of journals should be abbreviated according to the Serial Sources for the Biosis Data Base, available in most libraries or from http://www.biosis.org. Examples of reference style are given below:
Masaki, S. and Sakai, T. (1965) Summer diapause in the seasonal life cycle of Mamstra brassicae Linne (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Jpn J. Appl. Ent. Zool. 9: 191–205.
Wratten, S.D. and Fry, G.I.A. (1996) Field and Laboratory Exercises in Ecology. Edward Arnold, London. pp. 98–103. Chapter in a book Kidder G.M. (1993) Genes involved in cleavage, compaction, and blastocyst formation. Genes in Mammalian Reproduction (ed. Gwatkin R.B.), pp 45-71. Wiley-Liss, Inc, New York.
Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate sheet with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.
All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be labelled on the back in soft black pencil, indicating name of author(s), figure number and orientation. Do not use adhesive labels as this prohibits electronic scanning. Figures should be sized to fit within the column (80 mm), intermediate (120 mm) or the full text width (169 mm). If supplied electronically, graphics must be supplied as high resolution (at least 300 d.p.i.) files, saved as .eps or .tif. A high-resolution print-out must also be provided. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.
Short Communications and Reports & Opinions
These types of manuscripts present brief observations that do not warrant full-length articles. They should not be considered preliminary communications. They should be 15 or fewer typed pages in double spaced 12-point type, including literature cited. They should include an Abstract no longer than five percent of the paper’s length and no further subdivision with introduction, material and methods, results and discussion in a single section. Up to two tables and two figures may be submitted. The title page and reference section format is that of full-length article.
It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which proofs can be emailed. Full instructions on how to correct and return the file will be attached to the email.
A PDF file of the final version of the paper will be provided free of charge. The PDF file is for authors’ personal or professional use. Paper offprints are available for a fee and should be ordered at proof stage.