The Pattern of Caspian Sea Water Penetration Into Anzali Wetland: Introduction of a Salt Wedge


Razi University Centre for Environmental studies, Dept of Biology, Faculty of Science, Baghabrisham 67149, Kermanshah


Measuring salinity of water at different depths along six transacts at the mouth of the wetland and along five tributaries connecting the wetland to the sea the extent of Caspian Sea penetration into Anzali Wetland was determined. The results demonstrated a depth-dependent salinity gradient extending up to 10 kilometres into the wetland. A pattern of saltwater and freshwater interface is presented and the role of this interface in enhancing sedimentation is discussed.