Razi University Centre for Environmental studies, Dept of Biology, Faculty of Science, Baghabrisham 67149, Kermanshah
Measuring salinity of water at different depths along six transacts at the mouth of the wetland and along five tributaries connecting the wetland to the sea the extent of Caspian Sea penetration into Anzali Wetland was determined. The results demonstrated a depth-dependent salinity gradient extending up to 10 kilometres into the wetland. A pattern of saltwater and freshwater interface is presented and the role of this interface in enhancing sedimentation is discussed.
Acha, E. M., Mianzan, H. W., Iribarne O, Gagliardini, D. A., Lasta, C. and Daleo, P. (2003) The role of the Rio de la Plata bottom salinity front in accumulating debris. Marine Pollution Bulletin 46, 197- 202.
Duck, R. W., and McManus, J. (2003) The effects of frontal systems on mixing in estuaries. ECSA 8 Mixing/Modelling. 6, 151- 155.
Duck, R. W. and Wewetzer, S. F. K. (2001). Impact of frontal systems on estuarine sediment and pollutant dynamics. The Science of the Total Environment 266, 23- 31.
Dumont. H. (1995) Ecocide in the Caspian Sea. Nature, 377, 176- 180.
Dyer, K. R. (1994) Estuarine sediment transport and deposition. In K. Pye (Ed.) Sediment Transport and Depositional Processes, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 193- 218.
Kosarev, A. N. and Yablonskaya, E. A. (1994) The Caspian Sea. SPB Academic, The Netherlands. pp. 37- 62.
Mason, C. F. (1994) Biology of Freshwater Pollution. Longman Scientific & Technical. pp. 95- 123.
Pritchard, D. W. ( 1967) Estuaries: Sediment transport and sedimentation in estuaries. In G.H. Lauff (Ed.) Estuaries, American Association for the Advancement of Science, pp. 158- 179.
Reeves A. D. and Duck, R. W. (2001). Density fronts: Sieves in the estuarine sediment transfer system? Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 26, 89- 92.
Shantia, H. (1989) Effects of Caspian sea level on Anzali wetland ecosystem (in Farsi).. Proc. Caspian Sea Level Expansion Seminar. Ramsar, July 1989. pp.141- 142.
Sharifi, M. (1989) Summer Release of Phosphate in Anzali Wetland. In the proceedings of the sixth Chemical and Chemical Engineering, Rasht. pp. 43- 44.
Sharifi, M. (1990) Assessment of Surface Water Quality by an Index System in Anzali Basin. In The Hydrological Basis for Water Resources Management. Ed Shamir, U., and Jiaqi, C. Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. IAHS Press. pp. 163- 171.
Simpson, J. H. and Nunes, R. A., (1981) The tidal intrusion front: An estuarine convergence zone. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 13, 257- 266.
Simpson, J. H., and Turrell, W. R. (1986). Convergent fronts in the circulation of tidal estuaries. In D. A. Wolfe (Ed.) Estuarine Variability, Academic Press, New York, pp. 139-132.