Evaluation of environmental aspects for the implementation of a textile company

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo, Sede Morona Santiago, Grupo de Investigación Innovación Tecnología Morona Santiago. Don Bosco y José Félix Pintado. CP: 140101, Macas, Ecuador

2 Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo, Sede Morona Santiago, Grupo de Investigación de Recursos Mineros e Ingeniería. Don Bosco y José Félix Pintado. CP: 140101, Macas, Ecuador

3 Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Facultad de Ingeniería. Av. Antonio José de Sucre Km 1 1/2 vía a Guano. CP:060110, Riobamba, Ecuador

4 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent., Uzbekistan

5 Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, Uzbekistan

6 Shakhrisabz State Pedagogical Institute., Uzbekistan

7 International Islamic Academy, Tashkent, Uzbekistan & Western Caspian University, Scientific researcher, Baku, Azerbaijan

8 Tashkent State University of Economics, Uzbekistan



This article presents the qualitative evaluation of the environmental impact that would be generated by the implementation of a textile company in the Parish of Seville Don Bosco, belonging to the Morona canton, province of Morona Santiago, Ecuador. The objective of this article is to identify and evaluate the productive processes involved in textile production during the operation phase and in this way identify those activities that generate a negative impact on the environment. The methodology used to carry out this evaluation is the Importance matrix or also called the Conesa matrix. This methodology is based on the idea that the environmental impact can be measured and valued objectively. In this way an evaluation can be carried out. So that, we systematically identify impacts and prioritize actions, facilitating informed decision making. So, those activities that cause a negative impact on the environment were identified and the corresponding corrective measures were subsequently developed. The results obtained demonstrate that the activities related to the preparation of the raw material, dyeing and finishing of the fabric are associated with a severe environmental impact, because in these processes a high consumption of water is generated. In addition, a high incidence of water contamination by solids was observed as well as the use of cleaning products during the textile production process, which has negative repercussions on water quality and biodiversity, causing alterations in the water cycle and risks to human health. Therefore, it is important to highlight the importance of implementing more sustainable production practices and effective pollution control measures, for the implementation of this type of companies.


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