Temporal and spatial dynamics of bovine spongiform encephalopathy prevalence in Akmola Province, Kazakhstan: Implications for disease management and control

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Regional Planning, Postgraduate school, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

2 Tashkent State University of Economics, Uzbekistan

3 Department of Management, Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia

4 Department of Informatics and its Teaching Methodology" of Shakhrisabz State Pedagogical Institute, Uzbekistan

5 Department of Fruits and Vegetables at the Urganch State University, Uzbekistan

6 Department of zoology, Human Morphophysiology and Nutrition, Nukus State Pedagogical Institute named after Ajiniyaz, Uzbekistan

7 Namangan Engineering-Construction Institute, Uzbekistan

8 Department of Genetics, Selection, Breeding and Reproduction of Animals, Samarkand State University of Veterinary Medicine, Livestock and Biotechnologies (SSUV), Uzbekistan

9 Andijan Machine-Building Institute, Andijan, Uzbekistan; Western Caspian University, Baku, Azerbaijan

10 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers National Research University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, University of Tashkent for Applied Sciences, Str. Gavhar 1, Tashkent 100149, Uzbekistan

11 Department of Applied Mathematics and Information Technologies of Gulistan State University, Uzbekistan



Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as "mad cow disease," is a fatal neurological disorder in cattle attributed to abnormal brain protein aggregation. This disease presents multifaceted challenges, encompassing public health concerns due to potential transmission to humans, challenging disease control in cattle, and economic impacts on the livestock industry and global trade. Understanding the complex science of prion diseases like BSE is essential for managing and preventing its spread. We conducted a comprehensive investigation into BSE prevalence over the past decade in Akmola Province to analyse its temporal and spatial dynamics. The study explores the progression of BSE from its introduction into the cattle population to the establishment of enzootic equilibrium, highlighting the impact of control measures and key determinants influencing prevalence growth. Our findings offer valuable insights into the spatiotemporal patterns of BSE prevalence and its implications for disease management.


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