Sustainable livestock grazing in Kazakhstan practices, challenges, and environmental considerations

Document Type : Reviewers


1 Agribusiness Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Nusa Cendana University, Indonesia

2 LLP Kazakh Research Institute of Animal and Fodder Production 050035, Almaty, Zhandosova str. 51, Republic of Kazakhstan

3 New Uzbekistan University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan; School of Engineering, Central Asian University, Tashkent 111221, Uzbekistan; and “Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers” National Research University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

4 Department of Zoology, Human Morphophysiology and Nutrition, Nukus State Pedagogical Institute Named After Ajiniyaz, Uzbekistan

5 Department of Genetics, Selection, Breeding and Reproduction of Animals, Samarkand State University of Veterinary Medicine, Livestock and Biotechnologies (SSUV), Uzbekistan

6 Department of Information Technology, University of Malikussaleh, Aceh, Indonesia

7 Department of Fruit-Vegetable Growing and Viticulture, Tashkent State Agrarian University, 100140 Tashkent, Uzbekistan

8 Samarkand Agroinnovations and Research University, Uzbekistan



Livestock grazing is an integral part of Kazakhstan's agricultural sector, contributing significantly to the nation's economy and rural communities. The study explores both traditional and modern grazing practices utilized in the country. It emphasizes the importance of understanding livestock physiology, nutrition, and environmental needs to implement effective grazing management strategies. Environmental and socioeconomic impacts of livestock grazing are discussed, with a focus on pasture degradation, soil erosion, water resource utilization, and biodiversity conservation. Additionally, the paper addresses the role of livestock grazing in sustaining traditional nomadic practices and its significance for rural livelihoods. This paper delves into the practices, challenges, and impacts of livestock grazing in Kazakhstan, with a specific focus on sustainable modern management approaches. Grazing management practices, including rotational grazing, rest periods, and grazing intensity control, are examined in-depth. These practices aim to optimize pasture usage, prevent overgrazing, and promote healthier vegetation growth while ensuring animal welfare. Moreover, it analyses the existing policy and regulatory framework surrounding livestock grazing in Kazakhstan and evaluates its effectiveness in promoting sustainable practices. The current study also introduces dynamic forage rotation (DFR) as a new tool and technique which has privilege compared to the traditional management approach and improves the modern management approach. The obtained results show that the DFR has been improved averagely 55.77% and 42.52% compared to the traditional and modern management approaches, respectively.


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