Ahn, IY & Choi, JW 1998, Macrobenthic communities impacted by anthropogenic activities in an intertidal sand flat on the West Coast (Yellow Sea) of Korea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 36: 808-817.
Anderson, MJ, Gorley RN & Clarke KR 2008, PERMANOVA+for PRIMER: Guide to software and statistical methods. Plymouth: PRIMER-E Ltd, 214.
Barnes, RD 1987, Invertebrate zoology, Philadelphia. Saunders College Publishing, 743 p.
Basatnia, N, Hosseini SA, Ghorbani R, & Muniz, P 2015, Performance comparison of biotic indices measuring the ecological status base on soft-bottom macroinvertebrates: a study along the shallow Gomishan lagoon (Southeast Caspian Sea). Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 63:363-378.
Blanchet, H, Lavesque, N, Ruellet, T, Dauvin, JC, Sauriau, PG, Desroy, N et al. 2008, Use of biotic indices in semi-enclosed coastal ecosystems and transitional waters habitats-implications for the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive. Ecological Indicators, 8: 360-372.
Borja, A, Franco, J, & Pérez, V 2000, A marine biotic index to establish the ecology quality of soft bottom benthos within European estuarine coastal environments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40: 1100-1114.
Borja, A, & Muxika, I 2005, Guidelines for the use of AMBI (AZTI's Marine Biotic Index) in the assessment of the benthic ecological quality. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50: 787-789.
Chen, Y & Wang, Y 1995, An ecological study on zooplankton in plume front zone of Changjiang (Yangtze) river estuarine area I biomass distribution of dominant species. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China, 2: 49-58.
Clarke, KR, Gorley, R, Somerfield, P & Warwick, R 2014, Change in marine communities: An approach to statistical analysis and interpretation: Primer-E Ltd.
Clarke, KR & Warwick, RM 1994, Change in marine communities: An approach to statistical analysis and interpretation. 2nd ed. Plymouth, UK: Plymouth Marine Laboratory, 144.
Dauvin, JC, & Ruellet, T 2007, Polychaete/amphipod ratio revisited. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 55: 215-224.
García-Arberas L, & Rallo A 2004, Population dynamics and production of Streblospio benedicti (Polychaeta) in a non-polluted estuary in the Basque coast (Gulf of Biscay). Scientia Marina, 68: 193-203.
Ghasemi, AF, Taheri, M, Foshtomi, MY, Noranian, M, Mira, SS & Jam, A 2016, Gorgan Bay: A microcosm for study on macrobenthos species-environment relationships in the Southeastern Caspian Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 35: 82-88.
Gholizadeh, M & Patimar, R 2018, Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in surface sediments from the Gorgan Bay, Caspian Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 137: 662-667.
Gholizadeh, M, Yahya, K, Talib A & Ahmad, O 2012, Effects of environmental factors on polychaete assemblage in Penang National Park, Malaysia. Paper presented at the Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology.
Gholizadeh, M, Yahya, K, Talib, A & Ahmad, O 2012, Distribution of macrobenthic polychaete families in relation to environmental parameters in North West Penang, Malaysia. Paper presented at the Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology.
GISTEMP Team 2020, GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP), version 4. NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Dataset accessed 20YY-MM-DD at https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/
Kevrekidis, T 2004, Seasonal variation of the macrozoobenthic community structure at low salinities in a Mediterranean lagoon Monolimni Lagoon (Monolimni Lagoon, northern Aegean). International Review of Hydrobiology, 89: 407-425.
Khoshravan, H, Naqinezhad, A, Alinejad-Tabrizi, T, & Yanina, T 2019, Gorgan Bay environmental consequences due to the Caspian Sea rapid water level change. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 17: 213-226.
Li, XZ, Wang, HF, Wang, JB, Dong, D, Ma, L, Kou, Q, Sui, JX, Gan, ZB & Zhang, BL 2014, Biodiversity variability of macrobenthic in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea between 2001 and 2011. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 39: 459-484.
McCune, B & Mefford, M 1999, PC-ORD: Multivariate analysis of ecological data. Version 4 for Windows, [User's Guide]: MjM software design.
Milligan, MR & Hulbert, JL 1997, Identification Manual for Aquatic Oligochaeta of Florida (Freshwater Oligochaetes). Final report for the Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, Florida. 1: 3- 173
Mirzoev, GS 2021, Seasonal dynamics and quantity distribution of zoobenthos in the north-west part of the South Caspian Sea. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19:201-210.
Nikula R, & Väinölä R 2003, Phylogeography of Cerastoderma glaucum (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) across Europe: A major break in the Eastern Mediterranean. Marine Biology, 143: 339-350.
Paice, R & Chambers, J 2016, Climate change impacts on coastal ecosystems. CoastAdapt Impact Sheet 8, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast.
Pearson, TH & Rosenberg, R 1978, Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology, 16:229-311.
Ramsar Convention 1971, Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Final text adopted by the International Conference on the Wetlands and Waterfowl at Ramsar, Iran, February 2, 1971.
Ranjbar, MH & Hadjizadeh Zaker, N 2018, Numerical modeling of general circulation, thermohaline structure, and residence time in Gorgan Bay, Iran. Ocean Dynamics, 68: 35-46.
Sardá, R & Martin, D 1993, Populations of Streblospio (Polychaeta: Spionidae) in temperate zones: Demography and production. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 73: 769-584.
Shahlapour, S, Afraei Bandpei, MA, Rabbaniha, M, Pourang, N & Nasrollahzadeh, H 2019, Diversity and distribution of larval and juvenile fish in nearshore waters of the Southeastern Caspian Sea and Gorgan Bay Iran. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 18: 332-348.
Shokat, P, Nabavi, SMB, Savari, A, & Kochanian, P 2010, Ecological quality of Bahrekan coast, biotic indices and benthic communities. Transitional Waters Bulletin, 4: 25-34.
Simboura, N & Argyrou, M 2010, An insight into the performance of benthic classification indices tested in Eastern Mediterranean coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60: 701-709.
Simboura, N, Papathanassiou, E & Sakellariou, D 2007, The use of a biotic index (Bentix) in assessing long-term effects of dumping coarse metalliferous waste on soft bottom benthic communities. Ecological Indicators, 7: 164-180.
Sivaraj, S, Murugesan, P, Muthuvelu, S, Vivekanandan, KE & Vijayalakshmi, S 2014, AMBI and M-AMBI indices as a robust tool for assessing the effluent stressed ecosystem in Nandgaon Coastal waters, Maharashtra, India. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 146: 60-67.
Stock, JH, Mirzajani, AR, Vonk, R, Naderi, S & Kiabi, BH 1998, Limnic and brackish water Amphipoda (Crustacea) from Iran. Beaufortia, 48: 163-224.
Taheri, M, & Foshtomi, MY 2011, Community structure and biodiversity of shallow water macrobenthic fauna at Noor coast, South Caspian Sea, Iran. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 91: 607-613.
Tyson R 2012, Sedimentary organic matter: organic facies and palynofacies: Springer Science & Business Media.
Vermeer M, & Rahmstorf S 2009, Global sea level linked to global temperature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106, 21527–21532.
Yang, J, Graf, T, & Ptak, T 2015, Impact of climate change on freshwater resources in a heterogeneous coastal aquifer of Bremerhaven, Germany: A three-dimensional modeling study. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 178: 107-121.