Palynological, physicochemical, and organoleptic analysis of honey from different climate zones of Kazakhstan

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Kazakh Research Institute of Livestock and Fodder Production, 51 Zhandosov Str., 050035, Almaty, Kazakhstan

2 Institute of Geology, Subdivision of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ufa, K. Marx Str., 16/2, 450077, Russian Federation

3 Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, 8 Abay Ave., 050010, Almaty, Kazakhstan



The article presents the results of palynological and physicochemical analysis of monofloral and polyfloral honey from different climate zones of Kazakhstan. Cotton, buckwheat, camelthorn, Tamarix, sunflower, sainfoin, and raspberry monofloral honey samples were analyzed. For the first time, the relationship between the results of the palynological analysis and some physicochemical values of honey quality indicators was shown. Thirteen samples of fresh honey of various botanical and geographical origins were collected and their basic physicochemical properties were studied, including the mass fraction of water, sucrose, and reducing sugars, free acidity, pH, diastase number (Schade unit), and electrical conductivity. Their organoleptic properties were evaluated. As a result of the conducted research, it was established that the honey samples are high-quality natural products that meet the regulatory requirements of the Codex Alimentarius (Standard for Honey, CXS 12-1981).


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