Effects of honey and bee venom on human health

Document Type : Reviewers


1 Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Madani Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

2 Catholic University of Cuenca, Azogues Campus, Ecuador; & University of Palermo, Buenos Aires, Argentina; National University of Education, Azogues, Ecuador; CES University, Colombia

3 Department of Nursing, Altoosi University College, Najaf, Iraq

4 Refrigeration & Air-conditioning Technical Engineering Department, College of Technical Engineering, The Islamic University, Najaf, Iraq

5 Experiential Learning Centre Lead, Department of Nursing, University of Calgary in Qatar, Doha, Qatar

6 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq

7 Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq

8 Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

9 Department of Food Hygiene and Quality Control, Faculty of Veterinary, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

10 Department of Environmental Health, Food Safety Division, Faculty of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Throughout history, humans have always been exposed to numerous pathogenic and non-pathogenic threatening factors and have used various methods and agents to treat and control them, one of these methods is the use of honey and bee stings. Honey is a natural sweetener produced by bees from the nectar of flowers with the secretions of living parts of plants. Nowadays, honey and bee stings are used to remedy a wide range of diseases include allergies, blood, digestive, heart, lung, skin, etc. Databases were searched to obtain articles including “Google Scholar”, “ISI”, “Scopus”, “PubMed”, and “Science Direct”. Keywords used in this study included honey, bees and human health in their titles. The recent findings have shown that there is a complex combination of fifty different substances in bee venom, including protein, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, copper, folic acid, glucose, fructose, histamine and amino acids. Allergic reactions are involved. In general, bees and their stings can play a role in the treatment of disorders.


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