Response of wheat varieties, Triticum aestivum L., to spraying by iron nano-fertilizer

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Department of Crops, Agriculture College, Basrah University, Iraq

10.22124/cjes.2022.5764

Abstract

A field experiment was carried out in winter 2019 in the north of Basra Governorate to find response of four varieties of wheat (Baraka, Tammuz-2, Latifia and Ibaa-95) to different concentrations of iron nano-fertilizer (0, 1, 2 and 3 g L-1). The experiment was designed by applying factorial experiments using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. This study revealed the superiority of variety Baraka in grain yield and biological yield, which reached 4.892 and 12.943 ton ha-1, respectively, as a result of its superiority in growth characteristics and yield components. Iron nano-fertilizer exhibited a significant impact on all studied traits, so that, 3 g L-1 displayed the highest average of grain yield (4.966 ton ha-1). Regarding to the interactions, the variety Baraka by spraying iron nan-fertilizer at 3 g L-1 exhibited the highest average of grain yield (5.800 ton ha-1) due to its superiority in yield components.

Keywords


Abdul- Razaq, ZA 2016, Response of three wheat varieties to application at Basra Governorate. AL-Muthanna Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4: 77 -86.
Abu Dahi, YM & Al-Yunis, MA 1988, Handbook of plant nutrition. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Baghdad University, Iraq.
Agricultural Statistics Directorate 2018, Evaluation wheat and barley production. The Ministry of Planning. Central Statistical Organization, Iraq.
AL- Abdullah, SAM 2015, Effect of nitrogen application on N, P, K uptake and distribution within plant parts, growth and yield of three wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.). PhD Dissertation, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq.
AL-Abody, MAK 2019, Analysis of genetic stability of wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.) planted under different environmental conditions in Basrah Governorate. PhD Dissertation, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq.
AL-Asseel, ASM, Madb DS & AL-kathee, MH 2018, Response of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars for sowing dates. Tikrit Journal for Agricultural Sciences, 18: 41 -53.
Al-Hassan, RSH 2017, Response of three cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to inoculation with Azotobacter chroococcum and boron spray. Assistant Professor Dissertation, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq. 
AL-Hussanawy, KFJ 2016, Effect of mung bean (Vigna radiata L) farming without inoculation and inoculation by R leguminosarum on productivity of four varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L). PhD Dissertation. College of Agriculture, University of Al-Muthanna, Iraq
AL-Juthery, HW, Abdul Kareem, HH, Radhi FM & Sahan, SAH 2018, Maximize growth and yield of wheat by foliar application of complete nano-fertilizer and some bio-stimulators, Research on Crops, 19: 387 -393  
AL-Naimi, SNA 2000, The principles of plant nutrition. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, University of AL- Mosul, Iraq (Translated), 770 p.
Al-Refai, SIM 2006, Response of wheat Triticum aestivum L cultivars to foliar feeding of iron and manganese. PhD Dissertation, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq.
AL-Saedan, KJY 2019, Effect of Fractionation of mineral and nano fertilizers (N, P) and it addition stage in the growth and yield scales and its components of two types of wheat Triticum aestivum L. PhD Dissertation, Plant Production Department, College of Agriculture, AL-Muthanna University Inc., Iraq, 512 p.
AL-Salim, SHF; Ali, HA; AL-Borkay, RHA 2017 The response of wheat cultivars Triticum aestivum L to various growth regulators under Thi-Qar Province condition. AL-Qadisiyah Journal for Agriculture Sciences, 7: 66-73
Al-Shabeeb, E A B 2013 Evaluation of wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L) cultured under different nitrogen fertilizers levels and determine selection index by path coefficient. MSc. Dissertation, The College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq.
AL-Taher, FMM, AL-Kifae, MHA 2018, Response of newly introduced varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L) to different agriculture dates. MSc. Dissertation, College of Agriculture, University of AL-Muthanna, Iraq.                                               
Armin, MSA and S Mashhadi 2014, Effect of Time and Concentration of nano-Fe Foliar application on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Int J of BioSci 4: 69-75  
Bakhtiari, M, Moaveni, P & Sani, B 2015, The effect of iron nano particles spraying time and concentration on wheat. In Biological Forum, 17: 679Research Trend.
FAO 2018, FAO cereal supply and demand brief, WWW.Fao.Org /world/food situation / csdb/ en.
Friend, DJ 1965, Ear length and spikelet number of wheat grown different temperature and light intensities.  Journal of Experimental Botany, 43: 345-353.
Jabail, WA, BM Mohson & AA Bader 2019 Determine the most important characteristics of the grain yield in the wheat yield, using path factor analysis. Muthanna Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7: 35-45.
   
Janmohammadi, MN, Sabaghnia, S Dashti & MNouraein 2016, Investigation of foliar application of nano-micronutrient fertilizers and nano-titanium dioxide on some traits of barley.  Biologija, 62: 148-156.
Kamali Omidi, T, Khorgami, A, Taleshi, K 2022, Effect of foliar application of humic acid levels and nano-fertilizer application on some quantitative and qualitative traits of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) in climatic conditions of Khorramabad area, Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20: 467-476.
Liu, R & Lal, R 2014, Synthetic Apatite nano particles as a phosphorus fertilizer for soybean (Glycine max). Scientific Reports Environmental Sciences, Scientific Report, 4 (5686):1-6, www.naturecom/scientific reports.  
Mengel, K & Kirkby, EA 2001, Principles of plant nutrition. KHM Academic Publishers, Dordrecht,
Ministry of Agriculture, pp. 849.
Muhammad, HH 2000, Characteristics of growth, yield and quality of varieties of bread wheat depending on the date of sowing. PhD Dissertation, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
Nair, R, Varghese, SH, Nair, BG, Maekawa, T, Yoshida, Y & Kumar, DS 2010, Nanoparticle material delivery to plants. Plant Science, 179: 154-163.
Rakhimova, OV, Khramoy, VK, Sikharulidze, TD, Yudina, IN 2021, Influence of nitrogen fertilizers on protein productivity of vetch-wheat grain under different water supply conditions. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19: 951-954.
 Saad, TM & AL-Absawy, MH 2018, Effect of addition of levels of phosphorus and their fragmentation in the characteristics of growth and wheat yield (Triticum aestivum L) Al-Muthanna Journal For Agricultural Sciences, 6: 75-80.