A law-abiding behaviour of the indigenous peoples in realizing environmental law enforcement in South Sulawesi, Indonesia


Law Faculty, Sawerigading University Makassar, Indonesia



There are many laws and regulations governing the environment in Indonesia from the central level to the regional level, especially for the areas whose territory consists of land, sea, and vast forests inhabited by certain tribes and can be classified as indigenous peoples. South Sulawesi is one of the regions in Indonesia that has many indigenous peoples. The existence of indigenous peoples in South Sulawesi is very important because they have an important role in the environment, including protecting the environment from pollution and environmental damage, as well as assisting law enforcement officers in reporting not only perpetrators of environmental destruction but also reporting any environmental damage that occurs in their area. This study aimed to determine the law-abiding behavior of the indigenous peoples in realizing environmental law enforcement in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The method used in this study was empirical juridical research using several laws, regulations and local customary law as well as visiting and conducting direct interviews to the community to collect the data from these indigenous coastal communities. The results of the study showed that the indigenous peoples in South Sulawesi are known to be very obedient to customs. The customs are applied from generation to generation in protecting their forest and marine environment, so that they are not threatened with extinction. For the indigenous peoples of South Sulawesi, forests and the sea are their homes that provide their various needs. Their survival depends on the sustainability of forests and seas in South Sulawesi. The law-abiding behavior of the indigenous peoples in realizing environmental law enforcement in South Sulawesi is based on moral which are known as Sipakatau, Sipakalebbi, and Sipakainge.


Akib, M 2021, Global and national perspective environmental law, Rajawali Grafindo Press, Jakarta.
Arliman, L 2018, Customary law in Indonesia in the view of experts and the concept of enforcement in Indonesia. Selat Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2.
Article 6 of Law no. 6 of 1960 on Agrarian Principles.
Article 18, B paragraph 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.
Hadjon, PM 1987, Legal protection for the people in Indonesia: A study of its principles, their handling by the courts in the general court environment and the establishment of state administrative courts. Bina Ilmu Surabaya.
Heryanti, 2017, Philosophical study of the state’s responsibility to the values of local wisdom of indigenous law communities. Halu Oleo Law Review. Vol. 1, No. 1.
IDG     2019,      Palaguna,              welfare   state       vs.           globalization         of            welfare   state       ideas, Rajagrafindo Press, Jakarta.
Ilias, BS, 2021, Autonomization of local wisdom and traditional law in regional autonomy. Law Journal of Mai Wandeu, Vol. 1, No. 2.
Konradus, D 2018, Local wisdom bounded by globalization currents: A study on the existence of indigenous law communities. Legal Problems, Vol. 47, No. 1.
Majid, J 2021, Transparency; preserving wisdom of budget allocation in the manifestation of Tudang Sipulung culture. Accounting Professional Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2. DOI: 10.35593/apaji.v3i2.30.
Moh Fadli, DKK 2016, Environmental law and policy. UB Press, Malang, 2016.
Nugroho, N 2018, Traditional law in the perspective of the development of national law based on Pancasila. Legal Spectrum Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2.
Pradhani, SI, 2021, Legal pluralism approach in customary law studies: interaction of customary law with national and international law. 4: 81-124, DOI: 10.22437/ujh.4.1.81-124.
Rosana, E 2014, Legal compliance as community legal awareness. Tapis Journal, Vol. 10, No 1.
Sridiani, NW 2020, Preventive measures for traditional law and national law go hand in hand. Widya Kerta Journal of Hindu Religion, Vol. 3. No. 1.
Salim, A, Salik, Y, Wekke, IS, 2018, Character education in Bugis community. Journal of Islamic Community Development. Vol. 11, No.1.
UU 2017, No. 27 of 2007 Concerning the management of coastal areas. Asmah, Indonesian Customary Law: An introduction. Fahmis Pustaka Publisher, Makassar, 2017.
Wahid, AMY 2021, Orderly behavior of indigenous people laws in the realization of enforcement environmental law in South Sulawesi. Amanna Gappa, Vol. 29 No. 1.
Winardi, 2020, The existence and position of customary law in the political struggle of national law. Widya Yuridika: Law Journal. Vo. 3, No. 2.
Zaman, A 2018, Businesses to community the law in community. Cendikia Law Journal, Vol. 3 No. 2.