Investigation of the effect of anthropogenic influences on the change in the geoecological conditions of urbanized territories

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Southwest State University, Kursk, Russian Federation

2 Altai state university, Barnaul, Russian Federation

3 Daghestan State Technical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation

4 Naberezhnye Chelny State Pedagogical University, Naberezhnye Chelny, Russian Federation

5 Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russian Federation

6 Omsk State Pedagogical University, Omsk, Russian Federation


The types and degree of anthropogenic impacts have an effect on the ecological state of the environment. There are two main sources of pollution on the territory of cities: industry and motor transport. Currently, with a significant reduction in industrial production, road transport is one of the main sources of environmental pollution. The largest amount (more than 200) of air pollutants is provided by gasoline carburetor engines: carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, unburned hydrocarbons. When 1 liter of gasoline is burned, 200 - 400 mg of lead is released, thus, one passenger car emits up to 1 kg of lead into the city atmosphere per year. Diesel engines pollute the atmosphere with soot, sulfur compounds, benzo pyrene. According to American geochemists, in cities more often than in rural areas, we observe cloudy weather, more rain and less snow. Atmospheric dust in cities is 100 times more, exhaust gases, 5-25 times more than in agricultural landscapes. All this affects the health of the population. The favorable factor is that the main streets with heavy traffic are located on the watersheds, in the upper part of the city, where conditions are better for dispersing impurities. However, on streets descending into depressions, where air stagnation and surface inversions are more likely, and where uphill vehicle emissions increase, air pollution is upraised.


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