Risk factors in the backbone public health protection complex

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Kazan Federal University, 420008, Kazan, Kremlevskaya St., 18, Russia

2 Republican Medical Prevention Centre, 420021, Kazan, Sary Sadykovoy St., 16, Russia

3 City Clinical Hospital named after V.V Vinogradov 117292, Moscow, Vavilova St., 61, Russia

4 Izhevsk State Medical Academy, 426034, Izhevsk, Kommunarov St., 281, Russia

5 Kazan State Medical University, 420012, Kazan, Butlerova St., 49, Russia


The current stage of Russian society development in the conditions of recent socio-economic formation is characterized by a surge of interest and the number of scientific studies devoted to the assessment of environmental factors and the construction of eco-dependent pathology. A region of the Russian Federation with a developed industry was taken as the study area. In particular, indicators of environmental pollution factors, as well as indicators of population morbidity, were studied. The studies were carried out over time for 2013-2018. To assess the risk, the multimedia exposure risk calculating method was used. The hazard index was also evaluated; it characterizes the disturbances of a particular body system. Analysis of the data on the qualitative and quantitative composition of the water basin of the given territory allowed us to conclude that the level of indicators of iron, fluoride, and nitrite compounds, dry residue and water pH practically did not change over time. The concentration of nitrates, total hardness, ammonium salts, BOD5, sulphate’s, and chlorides increased significantly, while dissolved oxygen decreased. Data on the prevalence and primary morbidity among the population indicate that the prevalence and primary incidence rates in the study area are characterized by uneven indicators, which made it possible to rank and establish statistically significant differences in the studied indicators. Data analysis using the methods of parametric and nonparametric statistics made it possible to confirm that the levels of chlorine derivatives, dissolved oxygen, and total hardness significantly affect the formation of the incidence rate of the population in the studied region. The calculated values of carcinogenic risks with the cutaneous intake of cadmium are 2.0 ×10-8. The values of carcinogenic risks for oral intake of cadmium are 0.3 ×10-6. It was found that the Deminimis level in the total carcinogenic risk level is 0.6% for the study area.


Akhtyamova, LA, Sitdikova, ID, Meshkov, AV, Imamov, AA, Ivanova, MK, Fadeeva, SA 2018, Comprehensive assessment of public health risk in the area affected by emissions from chemical production. Public Health and Habitat, Moscow, 09: 306.
 Arekhi, M, Terry, L G, John, GF, Al-Khayat, J A, Castillo, AB, Vethamony, P & Clement, T P 2020, Field and laboratory investigation of tarmat deposits found on Ras Rakan Island and northern beaches of Qatar. Science of The Total Environment, 139516.
Artemieva, AA 2015, Assessment of the risk of development of non-carcinogenic effects for public health associated with groundwater pollution in oil production areas. Bulletin of the Udmurt University, 25: 122-133.
Fateeva, NB, Petryakova, SV, Rodionova, SV 2013, Analysis of training qualified personnel for agricultural enterprises of the Sverdlovsk region. Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals,  10: 60-62.
Federal State Statistics Service 2020, Demography. URL: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/ connect/rosstat_main/ rosstat/ru/statistics/population/demography/#, 2 p.
Gheysvandi, E, Dianat, I, Heidarimoghadam, R, Tapak, L, Karimi-Shahanjarini, A & Rezapur-Shahkolai, F 2019. Neck and shoulder pain among elementary school students: prevalence and its risk factors. BMC Public Health, 19: 1299.
Okou, GM,  Ohou-Yao, MA,  Ahoulé, DG, Gnagne, AE, Yapo, OB, Ziao, N 2018, Influence of urban pollution on the water quality of the groundwater of six municipalities of Abidjan. American Journal of Environmental Protection, 6:  68-76.
Kamaletdinova, AA, Sitdikova, ID, Yaparova, AV, Gabidullina, MR, Vasilyeva, EV, Minnegulov, MR, Fadeeva, SA, Gordeeva, AV  2018, Social and hygienic research in the field of medical ecology. Environment and Population Health. Kazan, Russia, pp. 33-34
Kelishadi, R. and Heidari-Beni, M., 2019. Prevention and control of childhood obesity: The backbone in prevention of non-communicable disease. In: Primordial prevention of non-communicable disease. Springer, pp. 61-66
Kudrina, VG, Suslonova, NV, Samoilova, AV, Smirnova, TL, Basov, MO, Zhuravleva, NV, Barsukova, EV 2019, Study of the influence of environmental factors on the reproductive potential of the population of the region. Problems of Reproduction, 25: 49-59.
Moscow Federal Centre for State Sanitary and Epidemiological Supervision, 2003, Criteria for assessing the risk to public health of priority chemicals that pollute the environment. Guidelines. MR
Orha, C, Lazau, C, Pode, RF 2018, Mane Simultaneous removal of humic acid and arsenic (III) from drinking water using TiO2-powdered activated carbon. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 19: 39-47
Paik, JM, Rosen, HN, Katz, JN, Rosner, BA, Rimm, EB, Gordon, CM and Curhan, GC, 2019. BMI, waist circumference, and risk of incident vertebral fracture in women. Obesity, 27: 1513-1519.
Petrova, LS, Averin, SY, Chistyakova, NV 2013, Hygienic characteristics of atmospheric air quality in the city of Cherepovets and assessment of its impact on public health. Fundamental and applied aspects of the analysis of public health risk. Materials of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Internet Conference of Young Scientists and Specialists of Rospotrebnadzor, pp. 15-18
Schousboe, JT, Lix, LM, Morin, SN, Derkatch, S, Bryanton, M, Alhrbi, M and Leslie, WD, 2019. Prevalent vertebral fracture on bone density lateral spine (VFA) images in routine clinical practice predict incident fractures. Bone, 121: 72-79.
Voronin, BA, Fateeva, NB 2015, On training personal with higher education for agroindustrial complex. Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals, 2, Moscow. DOI: 10.1007 / 978-3-030-11367-4_33