Global and national food security issues in the context of land and water resources

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of the Economic Theory and Economic Policy, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

2 Department of Economics, Political Eeconomy, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia


The article discusses the issues of ensuring food security, considering the national and global levels. The subject of the analysis is agriculture, which has always been strategically important in terms of ensuring food security. The relevance is due to the differences in the interpretation of food security by each individual subject of the world economy, as well as depending on the level of consideration. The article considers the problems of assessing the state of and threats to food security in the world and in Russia in the context of land and water resources, the reform of ownership of agricultural land, a constructive position on land reform is proposed, based on the experience of foreign countries, associated with the implementation of the reform reversal from privatization to organization of rational use of land on the basis of leasing state land in order to create effective entrepreneurship, which makes it possible to implement all cycles of the reproduction approach, and thereby turn Russia's resource advantages in relation to land and water resources into competitive advantages of the industry, ensuring the sustainability of the country's food security.


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