Floristic studies, life forms and chorology of plants in Kouh-payeh area, Isfahan Province, Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Forests and Rangelands Research Department, Kermanshah Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, (AREEO), Kermanshah, Iran


The Kouh-payeh with an area of 3000 km2 is located at 70 km east of Isfahan on the edge of central Kavir at longitude 52° 26ʹE and latitude 32° 43ʹN. In this study, the floristic richness, life form, geographical distribution and conservation status were assessed. All plant species were collected from Kouh-payeh area during 2014-2016. The collected species were identified, then life forms and chorology of each species were estimated. By examining a total of 200 collected plant species, 38 families and 137 genera were found. The dominant life forms were mainly identified as therophytes (45%) and hemicryptophytes (34%). Based on chorotype information, an Irano-Touranian distribution (60%) was generally observed in this area. Other chorotypes such as Irano-Touranian/Saharo-Sindian (6%) and Irano-Touranian/ Euro-Siberian (6%) were present in lower quantities. Among the identified species, 43 endemic species were also recognized. In terms of conservation status, there were Low Risk (77%), Vulnerable (15%) and Data Deficient (8%) needed some conservation policies. This study was performed for the first time in this area.


Abdi, N 2008, Evaluation of red plant biodiversity in Markazi Province. Iranian Journal of Rangelands and Forests Plant Breeding and Genetic Research, 16: 4-50.
Abdi, M & Afsharzadeh, S 2012, Floristic study of the Badrud north region, Isfahan Province, Journal of Plant Biology, 4: 1-12.
Abbasi, Sh, Afsharzadeh, S & Mohajeri, A 2012, Study of flora, life forms and chorotypes of plant elements in pastural region of Yahya Abad (Natanz), Journal of Plant Biology, 4:1-12.
Archibold, OW 1995, Ecology of world vegetation, Chapman and Hall, London, 439 p.
Arya, Kh, Asadpour, R, Soltanipour, MH & Majrouhi, AA 2011, Floristic study of Bashagerd, Plant and Ecology, 27: 17-36.
Aryavand, A 2001, Introduction of medicinal, aromatic and pasture in Kolah Ghazi, Ghamishlou and Mouteh protected region (Isfahan Province), Pajouhesh-va-Sazandegi, 14: 17-25.
Assadi, M 1988-2018, Flora of Iran, Research Institute of Range and Forest Management, Tehran, Vol. 1-76.
Asri, Y 1998, Vegetation of salt marsh in Urmia lake plains, Rangelands Research, 191: 216-222.
Asri, Y 2003, Plant diversity in Kavir biosphere reserve, Publication of Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran, 305 p.
Badiei, R 1998, Geography of Iran, Eghbal Publication, Tehran, Iran, 272 p.
Batouli, H 2003, Biodiversity and species richness of plant elements in Qazaan reserve of Kashan, Pajouhesh-va- Sazandegi, 61: 85-103.
Dashtakian, K & Khosroshahi, M 2004, Study of plant typed of desert bioms in Yazd, Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research, 11: 383-409.
Davis, H 1965-1988, Flora of Turkey, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburg, Vol. 1-10.
Emberger, L 1930, Sur une formulae applicable en geographie botanique. Comptes rendus de l’ Academie des Sciences, La Vie des Sciences, 191: 389 (In France).
Eshghi Malayeri, B, Asgari Nematian, M, Kazemein, F & Dehshiri, MM 2013, The study of flora and determination of life forms of plants in Galali iron mine, Iranian Journal of Plant Biology, 1: 45-58.
Feroz, SM, Al Mamun, A, Kabir, ME 2016, Composition, diversity and distribution of woody species in relation to vertical stratification of a tropical wet evergreen forest in Bangladesh, Global Ecology and Conservation, 8: 144-153.
Feyzi, MT, Jaberalansari, Z & Alijani, V 2014, Investigation of flora, life form and chorotype of plants in Yasuj region, Iran. Natural Ecosystems of Iran, 3: 17- 36.
Ghahreman, A 1982-2008, Color flora of Iran, Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands, Tehran.
Ghahreman, A & Attar, F 1998, Biodiversity of plant species of Iran, Publication of Tehran University, Tehran, 1176 p.
Ghahremaninejad, F, Shabkhiz, R & Fereidounfar S 2012, A floristic study on the weeds of wheat fields of Zanjan Province, Iran, Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 18: 337-355.
Ghazanfar, Sh, Altundag, E, Yaprak AE, Osborne, J, Tug, N & Vural, M 2014, Halophytes of south-west Asia, In: M Ajamal Khan, B Boer, M Ozkun, AAThabit Zahran, M Clusener Godt & B Gul (eds.), Sabkha ecosystems, Springer Nature, Switzerland, pp. 105-133.
Ghazanfarpour, N, Moradi, HR & Feizenia, S 2007, Quaternary deposits sediment survey area Sajzy- the foothills of using Rainfall Simulator. The Fifth Conference on Engineering Geology and the Environment, Tehran, Iran, pp. 1-7.
Gurgin Karaji, M, Karami, P & Marofii, H 2013, Introduction to the flora, life forms and chorology of Saral of Kurdistan (Case study: sub catchment Farhadabad), Plant Research Journal, 26: 510-525.
Harati, H, Khakzad, A, Rashidnejad Omran, N, Asadi Harouni, H, Moghadasi, SJ, Afzal, P, Esfahanipour, R & Harati, S 2013, Anomaly separation of elements, based on the surface soil geochemical data in Kahang porphyry copper – NW of Esfahan. Earth Sciences, 23: 67-74.
Heydari, M, Poorbabaei, H, Hatami, K, Salehi, A & Begim Faghir, M 2013, Floristic study of Dalab woodlands, north-east of Ilam Province, west of  Iran, Iranian Journal of Sciences and Technology, 37: 301-308.
Isfahan climate profile 2015, Meteorological Organization in Isfahan, Iran.
Jalili, A & Jamzad, Z 1999, Red data book of Iran, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran  748 p.
Kashki, MT & Amirabadizadeh, H 2011, Approach to plant communities in desert regions of Khorasan Province in Iran, International Journal of Science and Nature, 2: 42-46.
Khajedin, SJ & Yeganeh, H 2010, Flora of Hanna hunting area, Taxonomy and Biosystematics, 1: 73-90.
Khajedin, SJ & Yeganeh, H 2012, The flora, life form and endangered species of Karkas hunting prohibited region, Isfahan, Iran, Iranian Journal of Biology, 1: 7-20.
Kharazian, N, Abaeian, F & Yousefi, M 2017, Floristic study of Zar Cheshme protected region from Esfahan Province, Journal of Plant Research, 30: 139-147.
Mahdavi, P, Akhani, H & Van der Maarel, E 2012, Species diversity and life-form patterns in steppe vegetation along a 3000 m altitudinal gradient in the Alborz Mountains, Iran, Folia Geobotanica, 48: 7-22.
Mesdaghi, M 2005, Plant ecology, Publication of Jahad-e-Daneshgahi of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, 185 p.
Milani, E, Saeidi Mehrvarz, S & Gholizadeh, H 2017, Floristic, life form and chorological studies of the Abshar protected area, Shirgah, Mazandaran Province, north of Iran, Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 15: 165-180.
Mobayen, S 1975-1996, Flora of Iran. University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, Vol. 1-4.
Parishani, MR 2005, Flora of Vanak region of Semirom (Isfahan Province). Pajouhesh-va-Sazandegi, 66: 84-103.
Rabiei, M & Asri, Y 2014, The study of plant associations in salt marshes of the Mouteh Refuge, Delijan, Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Biology, 6: 85-98.
Rafay, M, Ahmad Khan, R, Yaqoob, Sh & Ahmad, M 2013, Floristic composition of grass species in the degrading rangelands  of Cholistan desert, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50: 599-603.
Raunkiaer, C 1934, Plant life forms and statistical plant geography, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 632 p.
Rechinger, KH 1963-2015, Flora Iranica, Akademishe Druck-und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Vol. 1-174.
Rechinger, KH & Wendelbo, P 1976, Plants of the Kavir Protected Region, Iran, Iranian Journal of Botany, 1: 23-56.
Saber Amoli S, Ghorbanli M, Assadi M & Asri Y 2016, Investigation of the flora, life forms and phytochorology of the plants in the Mehroieh wild life refuge of Kahnuj, Kerman, Iran, Taxonomy and Biosystematic, 8: 1-16.
Sadeghipour, F, Kharazian, N & Afsharzadeh, S 2018, Floristic study of vegetation in Palang Galoun protected region, Isfahan Province, Iran. Nova Biologica Reperta, 5: 274-291.
Saeidi Mehrvarz, S & Ashouri Nodehi, M 2015, A floristic study of the Sorkhankol Wildlife Refuge, Guilan Province, Iran, Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 13: 183-196.
Vakili Shahrbabaki, SMA 2015, Introduction to the flora, life form and plant geographical distribution of Haraun Region, in Kerman Province, Iran, Natural Ecosystems of Iran, 5: 23-34.
Vaseghi, P, Ejtehadi, H & Zokaei, M 2008, Floristic, life forms and chorology studies of Kalat-Zebarjan Gonabad from Razavi Khorasan Province, Journal of Sciences, 8: 75-88.
Yousefi, M 2006a, An introductory survey of the vegetation units of Ghameshloo wildlife refuge, Iranian Journal of Plant Biology, 19: 355-362.
Yousefi, M, Safari, R & Norouzi, M 2011, An investigation of the flora of the Chadegan region in Isfahan Province, Journal of Plant Biology, 3: 75-96.
Zohary, M 1973, Geobotanical foundations of the Middle East, Stuttgart, 765 p.
Zohary, M, Frey, W, Pobst, W, Talhtajan, A, White, F, Leonard, J, Wendelbo, P, Hedge, IC, Freitag, H & Clude Kelin J 1999, Phytogeography of Iran, Sabz Publication, Tehran, Iran,  222 p.
Zanjirei, A 2010, The change of saline and sodic soils in the Sagzi region from Isfahan. MSc. dissertation, Azad University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, pp. 10-20.
Zhu, Y, Shan, D, Wang, B, Shi, Zh, Yang, X & Liu, Y 2019, Floristic features and vegetation classification of the Hulun Buir Steppe in North China: Geography and climate-driven steppe diversification, Global Ecology and Conservation, 20: e00741.