Soil geochemistry study of the listvenite area of Ayvacik (Çanakkale, Turkey)

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Gümüşhane University, Gümüşhane, Türkiye

2 Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ankara University, Ankara, Türkiye

10.22124/cjes.2020.4133

Abstract

Objective of this study is to use soil geochemistry surveys using statistical methods for the exploration of possibly gold mineralization related to Alakeçi listvenite area (Bayramiç, Çanakkale, Turkey). In the scope of soil geochemistry, about 350 soil samples were analyzed and evaluated for nine elements including gold. Element concentrations for Cu, Pb, Zn, As, Sb, Mo, Ni, Co and Au (all element except Au in ppm, Au in ppb) were 10-265, 10-90, 15-545, 5-800, 2-60, 4-8, 10-6300, 15-1255 and 40-300 respectively. The gold concentrations were comparatively detected in low value than important ore deposit and exhibited no correlation with other elements (except Mo). However, positive correlation was observed between Cu and Zn; Sb and As; Mo with As and Sb; Au and Mo; Ni and Co. In literature, Cu, Zn, As, Sb and Mo were widely used as pathfinder elements for exploration of gold mineralization. So, these elements were accepted as pathfinders in this study and their distribution maps were prepared. The element distribution maps for pathfinder elements and gold displayed remarkable zoning in the central to southeast site of the area connected with tectonic lines and lithological borders. So, in conclusion, this part in the area needs to be investigated in detailed with geophysics and drilling methods for blind gold mineralization.

Keywords


Almasi, A, Jararirad, A, Afzal, P & Rahimi, M 2015, Orogenic gold prospectivity mapping using geospatial data integration, region of Saqez, NW Of Iran (Jeospatial Veri Entegrasyonu ile Orojenik Altın Prospeksiyon Haritasının Oluşturulması, Saqez Bölgesi, Kb İran), Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration, 150, 67-78.

Anand, RR, Hough, RM, Salama, W, Aspandiar, MF, Butt, CRM, González-Álvarez, I & Metelka, V 2019, Gold and pathfinder elements in ferricrete gold deposits of the Yilgarn Craton of Western Australia: A review with new concepts, Ore Geology Review, 104: 294-355.

Anderson, DAJS 2008, Quantitative Analysis of Tin and Tungsten-Bearing Sheeted Vein Systems, Economic Geology, 103: 1043-1056.

Aydal, D 1990, Gold-bearing listwaenites in the Arac Massif, Kastamonu, Turkey, Terra Nova, 2: 43-52.

Bates, R, Jackson J (1982) Glossary of geology, Second edition. American Geological Institute, Virginia, 749 p. 

Belogub, EV, Melekestseva, IY, Novoselov, KA, Zabotina, M V, Tret’yakov, GA, Zaykov, VV & Yuminov, AM 2017, Listvenite-related gold deposits of the South Urals (Russia): A review, Ore Geology Review, 85: 247-270.

Carranza, EJM 2009, Controls on mineral deposit occurrence inferred from analysis of their spatial pattern and spatial association with geological features, Ore Geology Review, 35: 383-400.

Carranza, EJM, Owusu, EA & Hale, M 2009, Mapping of prospectivity and estimation of number of undiscovered prospects for lode gold, southwestern Ashanti Belt, Ghana. Mineral Deposite, 44: 915-938.

Carranza, EJM & Sadeghi, M 2010, Predictive mapping of prospectivity and quantitative estimation of undiscovered VMS deposits in Skellefte district (Sweden), Ore Geology Review, 38: 219-241.

Cressie, NAC 1993, Statistics for spatial data. Revised ed, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 928 p.

Diaz, R, Aldape, J, & Flores, M 2002, Identification of airborne particulate sources, of samples collected in Ticoma’n, Mexico, using PIXE and multivariate analysis, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 189: 249-253.

Ellsmore, R, Buckman, S & Simpson, C 2010, Soil geochemistry and pathfinder element distribution associated with the Hillgrove Antimony-Gold-Tungsten deposit, New England Orogen, NSW. New England Orogen Armidale, NSW: University of New England, pp. 141-144.

Frost, BR, Evans, KA, Swapp, SM, Beard, JS & Mothersole, FE 2013. The process of serpentinization in dunite from new Caledonia, Lithos, 178: 24-39.

Hinsken, T, Bröcker, M, Strauss, H & Bulle, F 2017, Geochemical, isotopic and geochronological characterization of listvenite from the Upper Unit on Tinos, Cyclades, Greece, Lithos, 282-283: 281-297.

Kiliç, AD, İnceöz, M, 2015, Mineralogical, geochemical and isotopic effect of silica in ultramaphic systems, eastern Anatolian Turkey. Geochemistry International, 53: 369-382.

Koç, S & Kadioglu Y 1996, Mineralogy, geochemistry and precious metal content of Karacakaya listwaenites, Turkey, Ofioliti, 21: 125-130.

Mathéron G 1963, Principles of geostatistics. Economic Geology, 58: 1246-1266.

Miranda, J, Andrade, E, Lopez-Suarez, A, Ledesma, R, Cahill, T, & Wakabayashi, P 1996, A receptor model for atmospheric aerosols from a southwestern site in Mexico City, Atmospheric Environment, 30: 3471-3479.

Murchission R, de Verneuil E & Von Seyserling A 1845, The geology of Russia in Europe and the Ural Mountains. Geology, 1. London, John Murray, 700 p.

Nude, PM, Asigri, JM, Yidana, SM, Arhin, E, Foli, G & Kutu, JM 2012, Identifying Pathfinder Elements for Gold in Multi-Element Soil Geochemical Data from the Wa-Lawra Belt, Northwest Ghana: A Multivariate Statistical Approach, International Journal of Geosciences, 3: 62-70.

Okay, A, Siyako M & Bürkan K 1990, Biga yarımadasının jeolojisi ve tektonik evrimi. Türkiye Petrol Jeologları Derneği Bülteni, 2: 83-121. [In Turkish].

Rose, AW, Hawkes, H & Webs, J 1991, Geochemistry in mineral exploration, 2nd ed. Academic Press, Londan, England, 657 p.

Rudnick R, Gao S 2010, Composition of the Continental Crust. In H, Holland , K, Turekian, eds.,  Readings from the treatise on geochemistry.  Elsevier, London, 681 p.

Skoog, DA, West, DM, Holler, FJ & Crouch, SR 2004, Fundamentals of analytical chemistry, 8th Ed., Brooks/Cole-Thomson Learning, 10 Davis Drive, Belmont, CA 94002, USA, 1179 p.

Uçurum A 2000, Listwaenites in Turkey: perspectives on formation and precious metal concentration with reference to occurrences in east central Anatoilia, Ofioliti, 25: 15-29.

Vural, A 2006, Investigation of gold enrichments in Bayramiç (Çanakkale, Turkey) and its near vicinity. PhD Dissertation, Ankara University, Ankara, Türkiye.

Vural, A & Aydal D 2016a, Soil geochemical prospecting at lisvenite area, Bayramiç, (Çanakkale Turkey). 34th National and the 2nd International Geosciences Congress, February 22, 2016, Tehran, Iran.

Vural, A & Aydal D 2016b, Using soil geochemistry for gold exploration:Ayvacık (Çanakkale-Northwest Turkey). 34th National and the 2nd International Geosciences Congress proceedings book. 22-24 Feb. 2016 Tehran, Iran.

Vural, A & Aydal D 2018, Kısacık-Ayvacık (Çanakkale) Altın Cevherleşmesinin Jeolojik, Mineralojik, Jeokimyasal Açıdan İncelenmesi. 8. Jeokimya Sempozyumu, May 02-06, 2018, Antalya/Türkiye, 121-122. [In Turkish].

Vural, A 2019, Evaluation of soil geochemistry data of Canca area (Gümüşhane, Turkey) by means of inverse distance weighting (idw) and kriging methods- preliminary findings, Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration, 158: 195-216.

Yang, Y, Zhao, L, Zheng, R & Xu, Q 2019, Evolution of the early Paleozoic Hongguleleng–Balkybey Ocean: Evidence from the Hebukesaier ophiolitic mélange in the northern West Junggar, NW China, Lithos, 324–325: 519-536.

Yusuf, M, Kumar, M, Khan, MA, Sillanpa, M & Arafat, H 2019, Hydrothermal listvenitization and associated mineralizations in Zagros Ophiolites: Implications for mineral exploration in Iraqi Kurdistan, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 102036.

Zoheir B & Lehmann B 2011, Listvenite–lode association at the Barramiya gold mine Eastern Desert, Egypt, Ore Geology Reviews, 39: 101-115.