Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan, Russia
Rapid upsurge of world economy in the twentieth century, integration processes, and many political reasons promoted an intense progress of transport and powerful increase of freight ﬂow. At the same time, transport entirely revealed itself as an important factor of both economy and geopolitics. Globalization of world economy and practically free capital mobility in the form of direct investment in capital assets gave birth to considerable changes in international differentiation of labor and useful increase of shipping operations. it is also important that integration and rapid development in the area of information technology had a great effect on transportation logistics development. Recently the functioning of transport "corridors" has reached a precise accuracy. Practical advantages force carries either to change the direction of freight trafﬁc activity or to develop business taking into consideration markets location. Such processes are taking place in many countries including Russia and CIS states. Gradual shortening of load distances has already begun and as predicted will continue in 2000-2015.
Grachev, YN 2000, Foreign-economic activity. Organization and techniques of foreign-trade operations. Teaching and practical manual‘ lle library of "Foreign-economic bulletin". - M. JSC "Business school "Inter-Sintez", p. 261.
lFaminski, IP, 1990, Foreign-Economic Basic Education, Textbook (Editor-in—chief -M. International Relations, p. 272.
Mogiievkin L, 2000, World transport. new horizons and new problems. World Eoonomy and International Relations, No 9, p. 29.