Caspian Sea level changes and its impact on coastal economy

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Baku State University, Caspian Research and Information Center Z. Khaiilov str. 23, 370148 Baku, Azerbaijan

10.22124/cjes.2003.3832

Abstract

 
The peculiarities associatedwith the sea changes as well as reasons determining the natures of environmental changes are considered in this paper.Here, the emphasis is given to the consequences associated with the sea level changes that impact upon the state of economy of the coastal areas. The most negative consequences in terms of the sea level rising that took place during the last 20 years were observed in the mostly developed coastal areas. Due to it, serious damage was caused to the economy of these zones. One of these areas is the coast of Absheron peninsula where a number of enterprises of oil complex are concentrated. Analysis of general regularities of the Caspian Sea changes for the last 150 years alloflws us to distinguish the totality of climatic and tectonic factors, which are considered to be determining factors in natural processes occurring in the region. Today Caspian region is one of the most attractive regions of the world where one can observe an intensive increase of production aimed at development of natural resources of the sea and coastal areas. Together with it the main task here is to consider the established regularities of the Caspian Sea level changes which gain a special attension for designing and selecting areas of location and construction of agricultural and recreation objects.
 
Key words: Natural factors, Sea level changes, Coastal areas, Coastal economy, Oil
  
REFERENCES
Aliyev A.S. Ismailov Ch.l\l. (1998). Modern problems of the Caspian Sea - Joumal—The Caspian Sea: Science, education,technologies, 1: 147-20.
Appolov B.A., et. al, (1963). Soobrazheniya po metodike rascheta budushego
resheniya urovnya Kaspiya - Vestnik, MSU, series ofgeography, ‘2.
Remlzova SS. (1969).Kaspiskcye more, M. 
Eygenson M.S 1963. Budushee Kaspiiskogo morya. Problemi Kaspiiskogo morya. Baku.
Peltier W.R., Tushingham A.M. (1989).Global sea level rise and greenhouse effect: might they be connected? — Science. 4906:806—810. Vodnii balans.
Smirnova KJ. (1972). Vodnii balans I dolgosrochni progncz urcvn ya Kaspiiskogo mo rya. Trudi Hydrometeoizdat. M.
Shilo NA. 1969. Priroda kolebaniya urovnya Kaspiya, v.305, *2. Dagestan Academy of Sciences.

Leontiev O.K. (1982). Pochemu ne sbilis prognozi? - Vestnik MSU, series of
geography, *4.
Mansimov M.R. (1996). Water level changes of the Caspian Sea as an indicator of
regional climatic changes. First Regional Conference on Climatic change. Tehran,
pp. 53-64.
Kosarev A.N., et. al (1988). Oh izmeneniyah urovnya Kaspiisl-cogo morya Ivozmozhnosti ih prognozirovaniya -Vestnik MSU. series of geography, 1:24.
Economic, Sociai and Ecological problems of the Western Turkmenistan arisingfrom the Caspian Sea Level Rise (1995). UN Environment program,Turkmenistan National Report, Ashkhabat.
Ministry of Energy IRAN (1994). Preliminary Report on Sea ievel rise impacts of the Caspian Coastal Area. Tehran.
Sadykov Zh.S, et. al., (1995). Prirodniye raiony pribrezhnoi zoni Kaspiiskogo morya I tipy ego beregov. Reports of the Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences, *6.
Sadykov Zh.S, et. al.. (1995). Kaspiiskoye more I ego pribrezhnaya zona. Alma-Ata.
Sagad iyev K.A., (1995). Prololemi Kaspiiskogo morya I ikh resheniya. Reports of the Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences, *6
Posledstviya izmeneniya kiimata Kaspiiskogo morya (1995). National report of the Russian Federation,Moscow.
Satiyanov G.A. et. al., (1994). Dinarnika l problemi ustoichivosti beregovKaspiiskogo morya. Melioratsiya l vodnoye