Heavy metals health risk assessment through consumption of some foodstuffs marketed in city of Hamedan, Iran

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Department of the Environment, College of Basic Sciences, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

Abstract

Since global studies on the health risk assessment of heavy metals in foodstuffs, including biscuits, potato chips, chocolates, and traditional pastries are limited, hence, this study was conducted to determine the contents and the human health risk assessment of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and chromium (Cr) via the consumption of different brands of these foodstuffs.In this descriptive study, a total of 84 samples of 28 brands/kinds of food under consideration were collected from a market basket in city of Hamedan, Iran in 2016. After preparation and processing the samples in the laboratory, the metal concentrations were measured using the inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES). In addition, all statistical analyses including One-Way ANOVA and one-sample t test were performed using the SPSS statistical package (Version 19). The results showed that the mean concentrations (mg kg-1) of Pb in all the foodstuff samples (2.25 ± 0.76 for biscuits, 1.60 ± 0.35 for potato chips, 2.61 ± 0.68 for chocolates, and 3.66 ± 0.64 for traditional pastries) were higher than the Maximum Permissible Limit (MPL).Furthermore, the computed health risk index showed no potential risk for adults and children via consumption of the studied foodstuffs under the current consumption rate.Based on the results, as the mean contents of Pb observed in all the foodstuff samples exceeded the MPL, serious attention toward the discharge of pollutants into the environment and chemical residue monitoring, especially of heavy metals in foodstuffs, is recommended.

Keywords


Abou-Arab, AAK, Ayesh, AM, Amra, HA & Naguib, K 1996, Characteristic levels of some pesticides and heavy metals in imported fish. Food Chemistry, 57(4): 487-492.

Ashraf, W 2006, Levels of selected heavy metals in tuna fish. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 31(1A): 89-92.

Chen, X, Wang, K, Wang, Z, Gan, C, He, P, Liang, Y, Jin, TZhu, G 2014, Effects of lead and cadmium co-exposure on bone mineral density in a Chinese population. Bone, 63: 76-80.

Dahiya, S, Karpe, R, Hegde, AG & Sharma, RM 2005, Lead, cadmium and nickel in chocolate and candies from suburban area of Mumbai, India. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 18(6): 517-522.

 

 

Duran, A, Tuzen, M & Soylak, M 2009, Trace metal contents in chewing gums and candies marketed in Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 149: 283-289.

Falco, G, Ilobet, J, Bocio, A & Domingo, JL 2006, Daily intake of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, and lead by consumption of edible marine species. Journal of Agricultural anf Food Chemistry, 54: 6106-6112.

Gopalani, M, Shahare, M, Ramteke, DS & Wate, SR 2007, Heavy metal content of potato chips and biscuits from Nagpur City, India. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 79: 384-387.

Guo, J, Yue, T, Li, X & Yuan, Y 2016, Heavy metal levels in kiwifruit orchard soils and trees and its potential health risk assessment in Shaanxi, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23(14): 14560-14566.

Hariri, E, Abboud, MI, Demirdjian, S, Korfali, S, Mroueh, M & Taleb, RI 2015, Carcinogenic and neurotoxic risks of acrylamide and heavy metals from potato and corn chips consumed by the Lebanese population. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 42: 91-97.

Hosseini, SV, Sobhanardakani, S, Tahergorabi, R & Delfieh, P 2013, Selected heavy metals analysis of Persian sturgeon's (Acipenser persicus) caviar from Southern Caspian Sea. Biological Trace Element Research, 154: 357-362.

Hosseini, M, Naderi, M, Gholami, S & Hadipour, M 2018, Toxic metals in the muscle and liver of five main commerciallyimportant fishes from the Persian Gulf, Southern Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 16(2): 191-198.

Ikem, A & Egiebor, NO 2005, Assessment of trace elements in canned fishes (mackerel, tuna, salmon, sardine and herrings) marketed in Georgia and Alabama (United States of America). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 18(8): 771-787.

Iwegbue, CMA 2011, Concentrations of selected metals in candies and chocolates consumed in southern Nigeria. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B, 4(1): 22-27.

Iwegbue, CMA 2012, Metal contents in some brands of biscuits consumed in southern Nigeria. American Journal of Food Technology, 7(8): 160-167.

Janbakhsh, S, Hosseini Shekarabi, SP & ShamsaieMergan, M 2018, Nutritional value and heavy metal content of fishmeal from the Southwest Caspian Sea. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 16(4): 307-317.

Ju, YR, Chen, WY & Liao, CM 2012, Assessing human exposure risk to cadmium through inhalation and seafood consumption. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 227-228: 353-361.

Kabata-Pendias, A 2010, Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, Fourth Edition. pp 231-233. CRC Press, Florida, USA; p.112-113.

Krejpcio, Z, Sionkowski, S & Bartela, J 2005, Safety of fresh fruits and juices available on the Polish market as determined by heavy metal residues. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 14(6): 877-881.

Liang, Q, Xue, ZJ, Wang, F, Sun, ZM, Yang, ZX & Liu, SQ 2015, Contamination and health risks from heavy metals in cultivated soil in Zhangjiakou City of Hebei Province, China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(12): 754.

Liao, QL, Liu C, Wu, HYJin, YHua, MZhu, BWChen, KHuang, L 2015, Association of soil cadmium contamination with ceramic industry: A case study in a Chinese town. Science of the Total Environment, 514: 26-32.

Liu, P, Wang, C, Song, X & Wu, Y 2010, Dietary intake of lead and cadmium by children and adults–result calculated from dietary recall and available lead/cadmium level in food in comparison to result from food duplicate diet method. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 213: 450-457.

Narin, I, Tuzen, M, Sari, H & Soylak, M 2005, Heavy metal content of potato and corn chips from Turkey. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 74(6): 1072-1077.

Needleman, H 2004, Lead poisoning. Annual Review of Medicine, 55: 209-222.

Omar, WA, Zaghloul, KH, Abdel-Khalek, AA & Abo-Hegab, S 2013, Risk assessment and toxic effects of metal pollution in two cultured and wild fish species from highly degraded aquatic habitats. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 65(4):753-764.

Salama, AK & Radwan, MA 2005, Heavy metals (Cd, Pb) and trace elements (Cu, Zn) contents in some foodstuffs from the Egyptian market. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 17(1): 34-42.

 

Samiee, F, Vahidinia, A, TaravatiJavad, M & Leili, M 2019, Exposure to heavy metals released to the environment through breastfeeding: A probabilistic risk estimation. Science of The Total Environment, 650:3075-3083.

Sobhanardakani, S 2016a, Potential health risk assessment of Cr, Cu, Fe and Zn for human population via consumption of commercial spices; a case study of Hamedan City, Iran. International Archives of Health Sciences, 3(3): 119-124.

Sobhanardakani, S 2016b, Health risk assessment of As and Zn in canola and soybean oils consumed in Kermanshah, Iran. Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research, 4(2): 62-67.

Sobhanardakani, S & Jamshidi, K 2015, Assessment of metals (Co, Ni and Zn) content in the sediments of Mighan Wetland using geo-accumulation index. Iranian Journal of Toxicology, 9(30): 1386-1390.

Sobhanardakani, S & Kianpour, M 2016, Heavy metal levels and potential health risk assessment in honeys consumed in west of Iran. Avicenna Journal of Environmental Health Engineering, 3(2): e7795.

Sobhanardakani, S 2017a, Tuna fish and common kilka: Health risk assessment of metal pollution through consumption of canned fish in Iran. Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety, 12(2): 157-163.

Sobhanardakani, S 2017b, Potential health risk assessment of heavy metals via consumption of caviar ofPersian sturgeon. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 123(1-2): 34-38.

Sobhanardakani, S & Taghavi, L 2017, Analysis and health risk assessment of arsenic and zinc in ghee consumed in Kermanshah City, Western Iran using atomic absorption spectrometry. Journal of Chemical Health Risks, 7(1): 71-76.

Tang, W, Cheng, J, Zhao, W & Wang, W 2015, Mercury levels and estimated total daily intakes for children and adults from an electronic waste recycling area in Taizhou, China: Key role of rice and fish consumption. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 34: 107-115.

Uluozlu, OD, Kinalioglu, K, Tuzen, M & Soylak, M 2007, Trace metal levels in lichen samples from roadsides in East Black Sea Region, Turkey. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 20: 203-207.

Vahidinia, ASamiee, FFaradmal, JRahmani, ATaravatiJavad, MLeili, M 2019, Mercury, lead, cadmium, and barium levels in human breast milk and factors affecting their concentrations in Hamadan, Iran. Biological Trace Element Research, 187(1): 32-40. 

Wagner, HP 1995, Determination of lead in beer using Zeeman background corrected graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Journal of American Society of Brewing Chemists, 53: 141-144.

Xue, ZJ, Liu, SQ, Liu, YL & Yan, YL 2012, Health risk assessment of heavy metals for edible parts of vegetables grown in sewage-irrigated soils in suburbs of Baoding City, China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184: 3503-3513.

Zeng, X, Wang, Z, Wang, J, Guo, J, Chen, X & Zhuang, J 2015, Health risk assessment of heavy metals via dietary intake of wheat grown in Tianjin sewage irrigation area. Ecotoxicology, 24(10): 2115-2124.