Floristic study on the algae of Siahdarvishan River in Guilan Province, North Iran

Authors

1 * 1 , S. Shafii 2

2 M. B. Faghir* 1 , S. Shafii 2

Abstract

In the present study the freshwater algae of Siahdarvishan River were sampled on a montly basis from December 2007 through November 2008. Three sampling stations (Gaght roudkhan , Shahkezr dame and Talab laleh ) were chosen in the river. Some physical and chemical parameters (water temperature , total hardness , nitrate , nitrite, phosphate and pH) of water samples were measured. A total of 84 species were identified including: Chlorophyta, 36 species; Cyanophyta, 24 species; Bacillariophyta, 20 species; Rhodophyta, 2 species; Euglenophyta and Xanthophyta each with 1 species. Among the families, Oscillatoriaceae with 14 species showed the highest species richness. Taxonomic keys to genera and species are presented to facilitate the identification of algal flora of the region.

Keywords


Abbasi, K., Moraadkha, S. and Sarpanah, A(2006) Identification and distribution of fish fauna in Siahdarvishan River (Anzali Wetland basin).Pajouhesh and Sazandegi Journal.74: 27-39.

 

Adams, V.D (2000) Water and waste water examination manual. Department of the Environment. pp. 260.

 

Addy, K. and Green, L (1966) Algae in Aquatic Ecosystems. University of Rhode Island College of Resource Development Department of Natural Resources Science. Cooperative Extension. FactSheet .96: 1-4.

 

Afsharzadeh, S (2003) Study of algal flora in Zayandeh Rood River. Ph. D.Thesis University of Isfahan. pp. 195 (In Persian). Apha (1986) Standard method for the examination of water and wastewater(17th ed.).American Public Health Association, Washington. pp.1265.

 

Altieri, A.H. , Silliman, B.R. and Bertness, M.B (2007)Hierarchical organization via a facilitation cascade in intertidal cord grass bed communities . American naturalist. 169: 198-206.

 

Andrejic, J.Z. , Krizmanic, J. and Cvijan, M (2012) Diatom species composition of the Nisava River an its tributaries Jerma and Temska Rivers ( Southern Serbia). Archives of Biological Science Belgrade. 64 : 1127-1140.

 

Anderson, J.B (1966) A Guide to the Common Diatoms at Water Pollution Surveillance System Stations. U.S. Department of Interior Federal Water Pollution Control Administration. pp.1-98.

 

Çolak, Ö. and Kaya, Z (1988) Alglerin atık suların biyolojik arıtılmasında kullanılma olanakları, Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi. 12: 18-29. Compere, P (1981) Algues des desers d, Iran. Bulletin du Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Belgium. 51: 3-40.

 

Devika, R. , Rajendran, A. and Selvapathy, P (2006) Variation studies on the physico-chemical and biological characteristics at different depths in model waste stabilsation tank. PollutionResearch . 24: 771-774.

 

Dayton, P.K (1972) Toward an understanding of community resilience and the potential effects of enrichment to the benthos at McMurdo Sound, Antarctic (ed. B.C. Parker). Proceedings of the colloquium on conservation problems in Antarctica. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, USA. pp. 81–96

 

El-Awamri, A., El-Salam, A., Shaaban M. and Saleh A (2007) Floristic Study on Benthic Diatoms of the Groundwater Seepages at Kobri El-kobba (Cairo, Egypt). Journal of Applied Sciences Research.3: 1809-1818.

 

Ersanli, E. and Gönülol, A. I (2003) Study on the Phytoplankton and Seasonal Variation of Lake Simenit (Terme – Samsun, Turkey) , Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.3:29-39.

 

Ezekiel, E.N., Ogamba, E.N. and Abowei, J.F.N (2011) The Distribution and Seasonality of Phytoplankton in Sombreiro River, Niger Delta, Nigeria Asian Journal . of Agriculture Science. 3 : 192-199.

 

Fumanti, B., Alfinito, S. and Cavacini, P (1995) Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale,

Floristic study on the algae of Siahdarvishan ...124Universitd di Roma `La Sapienza', Floristic studies on freshwater algae of Lake Gondwana, Northern Victoria Land (Antarctica) Hydrobiologia. 316: 81-90.

 

Gomont, M (1972) Monographie des Oscillariees (Nostocacees Homocystees, Deuxieume partie-Lyngbyees. Edi: Weinheim, J. Cramer. 92-256.Hirano, M (1973) Freshwater algae from Mesopotamia. Control Biolgy Laboratory. Kyoto. Univ. 24:105-119.

 

Izaguirre, I. , O'Farrell, I and Tell, G (2001) Variation in phytoplankton composition and limnological features in a water -water ecotone of Lower Parana Basin (Argentina) . Freshwater Biology. 46: 63-74.

 

Kim,Y. S., Choi, H. G. and Nam K. M (2008) Seasonal variations of marine algal in the community vicinity of Uljin nuclear power plant, Korea Journal of Environmental Biology. 29: 493-499.

 

Kiyanmehr, H (1994) Identification of fresh water algae of Mashhad provinces, Ferdosi Universiy. Kolayli, S., Baysal, A. and Shahin, B (1998) Study on the Epipelic and Epilithic Algae of Sana River (Trabzon/Turkey) , Turkish Journal of Botany,22, 163-170

 

Komulaynen, S (2009) Diatoms of periphyton assemblages in small rivers in Northwestern Russia, Studi trentini di scienze naturali.84:153-160. Löffler, H (1961) Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Iranischen Binnengewasser. 2ed Int. Rev. Ges. Hydrobiol. 46: 309-406.

 

Maosen, H (1983) Illustration of fresh water plankton. Agriculture press. pp.1-44. Moghadam, F (1976) Diatoms as indicator of pollution Zayandeh Rive, Iran. -Proceeding of the Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia. 127: 281- 297

 

Nejadsattari, T., Noroozi, M. and Fallahi M (2005) The composition and seasonal distribution of epiphytic algae in Anzali lagoon, Iran.Cryptogamie. Algal.26: 387-398.

 

Noroozi, M. , Naqinezhad, A. and Mehrvarz, S. Sh (2009)Algal flora in first Iranian land-marine the Boujagh National Park. International Journal on Algae.11:276-288.

 

Oguni, A., Tanaka, Y., Uemura, M., Yamamoto, M. and Takahashi, E (1987) Floristic Studies on Algae from inland waters of Ongul islands and Vicinity, Antarctica: East Ongul island Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biolgy. 1: 233-254.

 

Patrick, R and Reimer, C. W (1966). The Diatoms of the United States V-I & 2. TheAcademy of Natural Science of Philadelphia.

 

USA. Pfiester, L. A., Lynch, R. and Wright, T.L (1980) Species composition and diversity of Phytoplankton in the GrandRiver Dam area ,Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science.60:63-68.

 

Pundhir, P. and Rana, K.S (2002) Population dynamics of phytoplankton in the wetland area of Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur (Rajasthan). EcologyEnvironment and Consevation. 8: 253-255.

 

Prescott, G.W. (1945) How to know fresh water algae. WM. G Brown Company Publishers. pp. 1-217.

 

Rajagopal, T. , Thangamani, A. and Archunan G (2010) Comparison of physico-chemical parameters and phytoplankton species diversity of two perennial ponds in Sattur area,Tamil Nadu Journal of Environmental Biology. 31: 787-794.

 

Richardson, T.L. , Gibson, C.E. and Heaney, S.I (2000)Temperature, growth and seasonal succession of Phytoplankton in Lake Baikal, Siberia. Freshwater Biology . 44: 431-440.

 

Sahin, B and Akar, B ( 2004) Species Composition and Diversity of Epipelic Algae in CatalLake(Şebinkarahisar-Giresun,Turkey) ,Turkish Jornal of Biology. 28: 103-109.

 

Sen, B. and Sonmez, F (2006) A Study on the Algae in Fish Ponds and Their Seasonal Variations. Intnational Journalof Science and Technology. 1: 25-33.

 

Škaloud, P (2009) Species composition and diversity of aero-terrestrial algae and cyanobacteria of the Boreč Hill ventaroles. Fottea. 9: 65–80.

 

Smith, G.M (1920) Phytoplankton of the Inland Lakes of Wisconsin Part IMyxophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Heterokonteae, and Chlorophyceae exclusive of the Desmidiaceae.Published by The state. pp.1-243.

 

Smith, G.M (1924) Phytoplankton of the Inland Lakes of Wisconsin Part II DesmidiaceaeMadison. Published by the University. pp.1-227.

 

Starmach, K.(1972) Flora Slodkowodna Polski,Freshwater Biological Association, Windermere.UK. 10: 227-263.

 

Thebault, J.M. and Rabouille, S (2003) Comparison between two mathematical formulation of the phytoplankton specific growth rate as a function of light and temperature, in

Faghir and Shafii 125two simulation models (Aster and YoYo).Ecological Modelling. 163: 145-151.

Tyor , A. K. and Chawla, D (2012) Survey and study of Phytoplankton ecology in Sukhna Lake, Ghandigarh, (India). International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology. 3: 229-238.

 

West, G.S. (1904) Cambridge biological series,The British freshwater algae. Cambridge University Press. pp. 372

 

Wu, J.T. and Chou, J.W (1999) Dinoflagellate associations in feitsu ireservoir. Taiwan. Botanical Bull. Academia Sinica. 39: 137-145.

 

Zarei-Darki, B (2009)Marine Species in the Algal Flora of the Anzali Swamp (Iran).Russian Journal of Marine Biology.35: 200–205.

 

Zimba, P.V. and Hopson, M.S (1997) Quantification of epiphyte removal efficiency from submersed aquatic plants. Aquatic Botany. 58: 173- 179.