An overview of the rotifers of the family Notommatidae (Rotifera: Monogononta: Ploima) from Iran

Author

Artemia and Aquatic Animals Research Institute, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran E-mail: amardus@gmail.com

Abstract

The diversity and distribution of the rotifers family Notommatidae was studied in the northwest, the south and the southwest of Iran. In total, 29 species were identified, of which, 25 are new records for the country. New records include the following species: Cephalodella forficata, C. cf. mus, C. vittata, C. ventripes, C. lepida, C. inquilina, C. gibboides, C. tincaformis , C. obvia, C. sterea, C. physalis, C. gracilis, Eosphora najas, E. Ehrenberg, E. therina, E. anthadis, Eothina elongate, Monommata actices, Notommata pygma, N. glyphura, N. diasema, N. brachyota, Resticula nyssa, R. melandocusa and Pleurotrocha atlantica. Spatial and temporal patterns of the species diversity were evaluated. Descriptions are provided for all the identified species in detail. Biogeography and environmental conditions favorable for identified species were referred. A great richness of rotifers in aquatic environments is generally found in regions where vegetation predominates, either in aquatic or in the ecotone zone between aquatic and terrestrial environments.
 
REFERENCES
Berzins, B. and Pejler, B. (1987) Rotifer occurrence in relation to pH. Hydrobiologia, 147, 107-116.
Bł¸edzki, L. A. and Ellison, A.M. (2003) Diversity of rotifers from northeastern U.S.A. bogs with new species records for North America and New England. Hydrobiologia, 497, 53–62.
Bonecker, C. C., Lansac-Toha, F. A. and Bini, L. M. (1998) Composition of zooplankton in different environments of the Mato Grosso Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil. In: Seminário Regional de São Carlos. PPGERN-UFSCar, pp. 1123-1135.
De Smet, W. H. (1998a) Cephalodella segersi n.sp. (Notommatidae, Monogononta), a new rotifer from Belgium, with notes on C. catellina (O.F. Muller, 1786), C. fluviatilis (Zavadovsky, 1926) and C. maior Zavadovsky, 1926 stat. nov Hydrobiologia, 367, 1–13.
De Smet, W.H. (1998b) Preparation of rotifer trophy for light and scanning microscopy. Hydrobiologia, 387/388, 117-121.
De Smet, W.H. (2001) Some Rotifera from He Amsterdam (Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises), with description of Brachionus amsterdamensis sp. nov. (Monogononta: Brachionidae). Ann. Limnol, 37 (1), 9-20.
De Smet, W.H. (2006) Some marine rotifer from Reunion island, whit a description of a new species of Lindia Harring and Myers, 1924 and one of Synchaeta Ehrenberg, 1832. Zoological Studies, 45, 81-92.
De Smet, W.H. and Chernyshev, A.V. (2006) Two new species of Dicranophoridae (Rotifera: Monogononta) from Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86, 657-663.
Dhanapathi, M.V.S.S.S. (1975) Rotifers from Andhra Pradesh, India. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 57, 85-94.
Garci-Roger, E.M., Carmona, M.J. and Serra, M. (2006) Hatching and viability of rotifer diapausing eggs collected from pond sediments. Freshwater Biology, 51, 1351-1358.
Ejsmont-Karabin, J. and Kuczy N Skakippen, N. (2001) Urban rotifers: structure and densities of rotifer communities in water bodies of the Poznan agglomeration area (western Poland). Hydrobiologia, 446-447, 165-171.
Hakimzadeh, M. (2007) Rotifer fauna of Tehran province. MSc thesis. Faculty of Sciences. Tehran University, 99 p. (In Persian).
Jordi De Manuel, B. (2000) The rotifers of Spanish reservoirs: ecological, systematical and zoogeographical remarks. Limntica, 19, 91-167.
Kaya, M. and Altindg, A. (2009) New Record Rotifer Species for the Turkish Fauna. Turk. J. Zoo. 33, 7-12.
Koste, W. (1978) Rotatoria. Die radertiere mitteleuropas. Borntraeger, Berlin, 2 Vols. 673 p. (In German).
Koste, W. and Hollowday, E.D. (1993) A short history of western European rotifer research. Hydrobiologia, 255-256, 557-572.
Löffler, H. (1961) Beitrag zur kenntnis der Iranisehen binnegewasser, Zoologisches instotut der universitat Wein. Int. Revueges. Hydrobiol. 46, 309- 406. (In German).
Martinez, J.C., Canesin, A. and Bonecker, C. C. (2000) Species composition of rotifers in different habitats of an artificial lake, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Acta Scientiarium, 22, 343-346.
Morales, A.E.G. and Gutierrez, M.E. (2004) Rotifera from southeastern Mexico, new records and comments on zoogeography. Anales del Instituto de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. Seria Zoologia. 75, 99- 120.
Nogardy, T. (1993) Rotifera: biology, ecology and systematics. The Hauge: SPB Academic Publishing. 1, 142 p.
Nogardy, T., Pourriot, R. and Segers, H. (1995) Rotifera. Volume 3: The Notommatidae and the Scaridiidae. In: Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental waters of the World. Part 8. H. J. F. Dumont [ed.]. Backhuys Publishers, Netherlands, 248 p.
Pociecha, A. and Wilk-Wozniak, E. (2007). Effect of environmental conditions on rotifer and selected phytoplankton species in three submountane dam reservoirs (southern Poland, Central Europe). Ekológia (Bratislava) 26, 132–142.
Sarma, S.S.S. and Manuel, E.G. (1998) Rotifer diversity in a central Mexican pond. Hydrobiologia, 387-388, 47–54.
Sarma, S.S.S. (1996) Rotifer from high altitude crater-lakes at Nevado de Toluca volcano, Mexico. Hydrobiologia, 6, 33-38.
Segers, H. (1997) Some Rotifera from the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, including new species and new records. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia of Philadelphia. 148, 147-156.
Segers, H. (2002) The nomenclature of the rotifer: annotated checklist of valid family and genus group names. Journal of Natural History, 36, 631 - 640.
Segers, H. (2007) Annotated checklist of the rotifers (Phylum Rotifera), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy and distribution. Zootaxa, 1564, 1–104.
Segers, H. and Shiel, R. J. (2003) Microfaunal diversity in a biodiversity Hotspot: new rotifers from Southwestern Australia. Zoological Studies, 42, 516 – 521.
Sharma, B.K. and Sharma, S. (2005) Biodiversity of freshwater rotifer (Rotifera: Eurotatoria) from North-Eastern India. Zoosystematics and Evolution, 81, 81-88.
Wallace, R.L., Snell, T.W., Ricci, C. and Nogardy, T. (2006) Rotifera. Volume 1 Biology, Ecology and Systematic (2nd ed.), Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World, Vol. 23, (eds. Segers H. and Dumont H.J.). Kenobi Productions, Ghent, and Backhuys Publishers, Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, 299 p.  
Yilldiz, Ş., Altindaú, A. and Ergnl, M. B. (2007) Seasonal fluctuations in the zooplankton composition of a eutrophic lake: Lake Marmara (Manisa, Turkey). Turk. J. Zoo. 31, 121-126.

Keywords


Berzins, B. and Pejler, B. (1987)Rotifer occurrence in relation to pH. Hydrobiologia, 147, 107-116.

 

Bł ̧edzki, L. A. and Ellison, A.M. (2003) Diversity of rotifers from northeastern U.S.A. bogs with new species records for North America and New England. Hydrobiologia, 497, 53–62.

 

Bonecker, C. C., Lansac-Toha, F. A. and Bini, L. M. (1998) Composition of zooplankton in different environments of the Mato Grosso Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil. In: Seminário Regional de São Carlos. PPG-ERN-UFSCar , pp. 1123-1135.

 

De Smet, W. H. (1998a) Cephalodella segersin.sp. (Notommatidae, Monogononta), a new rotifer from Belgium, with notes on C. catellina (O.F. Muller, 1786), C.fluviatilis (Zavadovsky, 1926) and C. maior Zavadovsky, 1926 stat. nov Hydrobiologia,367, 1–13.

 

De Smet, W.H. (1998b) Preparation of rotifer trophy for light and scanning microscopy. Hydrobiologia,387/388, 117-121.

 

De Smet, W.H. (2001) Some Rotifera from He Amsterdam (Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises), with description of Brachionus amsterdamensis sp. nov. (Monogononta: Brachionidae). Ann. Limnol,37 (1), 9-20.

 

De Smet, W.H. (2006) Some marine rotifer from Reunion island, whit a description of a new species of Lindia Harring and Myers, 1924 and one of SynchaetaEhrenberg, 1832. Zoological Studies,45(1),81 – 92.

 

De Smet, W.H. and Chernyshev, A.V. (2006) Two new species of Dicranophoridae (Rotifera: Monogononta) from Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom,86 (4), 657-663.

 

Dhanapathi, M.V.S.S.S. (1975) Rotifers from Andhra Pradesh, India. ZoologicalJournal of the Linnean Society,57(1), 85-94.

 

Garci-Roger, E.M., Carmona, M.J. and Serra, M. (2006) Hatching and viability of rotifer diapausing eggs collected from pond sediments. Freshwater Biology,51, 1351-1358.

 

Ejsmont-Karabin, J. and Kuczy N Ska-kippen, N. (2001) Urban rotifers: structure and densities of rotifer communities in water bodies of the Poznan agglomeration area (western Poland). Hydrobiologia, 446/447, 165–171.

 

 Hakimzadeh, M. (2007) Rotifer fauna of Tehran province. MSc thesis. Faculty of Sciences. Tehran University. pp. 99. (In Persian).

 

Jordi De Manuel, B. (2000) The rotifers of Spanish reservoirs: ecological, systematical and zoogeographical remarks. Limntica,19,91-167. Kaya, M. and Altindg, A. (2009) New Record Rotifer Species for the Turkish Fauna. Turk. J. Zoo.33, 7-12. An overview of the rotifers138

 

Koste, W. (1978) Rotatoria. Die radertiere mitteleuropas. Borntraeger, Berlin, 2 Vols. pp. 673. In German.

 

Koste, W. and Hollowday, E.D. (1993) A short history of western European rotifer research. Hydrobiologia, 255/256, 557-572.

 

Löffler, H. (1961) Beitrag zur kenntnis der Iranisehen binnegewasser, Zoologisches instotut der universitat Wein. Int. Revueges. Hydrobiol.46(3), 309- 406. In German.

 

Martinez, J.C., Canesin, A. and Bonecker, C. C. (2000) Species composition of rotifers in different habitats of an artificial lake, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Acta Scientiarium, 22(2), 343-346.

 

Morales, A.E.G. and Gutierrez, M.E. (2004) Rotifera from southeastern Mexico, new records and comments on zoogeography. Anales del Instituto de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. Seria Zoologia.75(1), 99- 120.

 

Nogardy, T. (1993) Rotifera: biology, ecology and systematics. The Hauge: SPB Academic Publishing. 1, pp. 142.

 

Nogardy, T., Pourriot, R. and Segers, H. (1995) Rotifera. Volume 3: The Notommatidae and the Scaridiidae. In: Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental waters of the World. Part 8. H. J. F. Dumont [ed.]. Backhuys Publishers, Netherlands. pp. 248.

 

Pociecha, A. and Wilk-Wozniak, E. (2007). Effect of environmental conditions on rotifer and selected phytoplankton species in three submountane dam reservoirs (southern Poland, Central Europe). Ekológia (Bratislava)26 (2), 132–142.

 

Sarma, S.S.S. and Manuel, E.G. (1998) Rotifer diversity in a central Mexican pond. Hydrobiologia,387/388, 47–54.

 

Sarma, S.S.S. (1996) Rotifer from high altitude crater-lakes at Nevado de Toluca volcano, Mexico. Hydrobiologia,6(1-2), 33-38.

 

Segers, H. (1997) Some Rotifera from the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, including new species and new records. Proceedings ofthe Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia of Philadelphia. 148, 147-156.

 

Segers, H. (2002) The nomenclature of the rotifer: annotated checklist of valid family and genus group names. Journal of Natural History,36 (6), 631 – 640.

 

Segers, H. (2007) Annotated checklist of the rotifers (Phylum Rotifera), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy and distribution. Zootaxa,1564, 1–104.

 

 Segers, H. and Shiel, R. J. (2003) Microfaunal diversity in a biodiversity Hotspot: new rotifers from Southwestern Australia. Zoological Studies,42(2), 516 – 521.

 

Sharma, B.K. and Sharma, S. (2005) Biodiversity of freshwater rotifer (Rotifera: Eurotatoria) from North-Eastern India. Zoosystematics and Evolution,81(1), 81– 88.

 

Wallace, R.L., Snell, T.W., Ricci, C. and Nogardy, T. (2006) Rotifera. Volume 1 Biology, Ecology and Systematic (2nd ed.). Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World, Vol. 23, (eds. Segers H. and Dumont H.J.).Kenobi Productions, Ghent, and Backhuys Publishers, Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, pp. 299.

 

Yilldiz, Ş., Altindaú, A. and Ergnl, M. B. (2007) Seasonal fluctuations in the zooplankton composition of a eutrophic lake:Lake Marmara (Manisa, Turkey). Turk. J. Zoo.31, 121-126.