%0 Journal Article
%T Optimization of sediment rating curve coefficients using evolutionary algorithms and unsupervised artificial neural network
%J Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences
%I University of Guilan
%Z 1735-3033
%A Tabatabaei, M
%A Salehpour Jam, A
%D 2017
%\ 12/01/2017
%V 15
%N 4
%P 385-399
%! Optimization of sediment rating curve coefficients using evolutionary algorithms and unsupervised artificial neural network
%K Clustering
%K Genetic and PSO Algorithms
%K Sediment Rating Curve
%K Self-Organizing Map
%K Suspended Sediment Load
%R 10.22124/cjes.2017.2665
%X Sediment rating curve (SRC) is a conventional and a common regression model in estimating suspended sediment load (SSL) of flow discharge. However, in most cases the data log-transformation in SRC models causing a bias which underestimates SSL prediction. In this study, using the daily stream flow and suspended sediment load data from Shalman hydrometric station on Shalmanroud River, Guilan Province, Iran, SRC equation was derived, and then, using evolutionary algorithms (genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization algorithm) it was calibrated again. Worth mentioning, before model calibration, to increase the generalization power of the models, using self-organizing map (an unsupervised artificial neural network for data clustering), the data were clustered and then by data sampling, they were classified into two homogeneous groups (calibration and test data set). The results showed that evolutionary algorithms are appropriate methods for optimizing coefficients of SRC model and their results are much more favorable than those of the conventional SRC models or SRC models corrected by correction factors. So that, the sediment rating curve models calibrated with evolutionary algorithms, by reducing the RMSE of the test data set of 5754.02 ton day-1 (in the initial SRC model) to 1681.21 ton day-1 (in the calibrated models by evolutionary algorithms) increased the accuracy of suspended sediment load estimation at a rate of 4072.81 ton day-1. In total, using evolutionary algorithms in calibrating SRC models prevents data log-transformation and use of correction factors along with increasing in the accuracy of molding results.
%U https://cjes.guilan.ac.ir/article_2665_5b2519f66975519b44bb6457b817cc6f.pdf